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Virginia Commonwealth University 

Winter 1985 









Men 's Basketball 

February 21: Western Kentucky 


February 23: Memphis State 


February 25: Old Dominion 


March 1-3: Sun Belt Tournament 


Ail home games are held in the 

Richmond Coliseum starting at 

8 pm. 

Women 's Basketball 
February 21: James Madison 

February 23: Wake Forest 

February 25: Virginia Tech 

February 28: Randolph-Macon 

March 2: North Carolina- 
Charlotte (home) 
March 7-9: Sun Belt Tournament 

All home gomes are held in the 
Franklin Street Gym starting at 
7:30 pm. 

IVIen's and Women's Swimming 
February 19-23: Seahawk 
Invitational Swimming and Diving 
Championship (Wilmington, 
North Carolina) 
February 27, 28; March 1, 2: 
Regional Swimming and Diving 
Championship (TBA) 
March 12-16: NCAA II Women's 
Swimming and Diving Champi- 
onship (North Dakota) 
March 20-23: NCAA I Men's 
Swimming and Diving Champi- 
onship (Austin, Texas) 


The 1985 baseball season begins 
February 22. Forty-nine games 
are slated, with the season 
ending May 1. For information 
and a schedule, contact the 
Athletics Department. 

For tickets and more injarmation about 
winter and spring 5port5, contact the 
AtWetics Department, 819 West 
Franklin Street, Richmond. VA 
23284-0001,- (804) 257-lRAM. 


April 12-13: VCU Student/Faculty 
Concert. Empire Theater, 118 
West Brood Street. General 
admission: $3; resetvations: 
Department of Dance and 
Choreography, 1315 Floyd 
Avenue, Richmond, VA 23284- 
0001; (804) 257-1711. 


May 31-June 22, 1985: Russia 
and China, sponsored by the 
Department of History and 
Geography Cost is S3, 700. 
Registration and payment 
deadline is April 15,1985. 
June 2-26, 1985: Art History in 
Paris, sponsored by the Depart- 
ment of Art History. Cost is $1 ,585. 
Registration and payment 
deadline is April 15, 1985. For 
additional information, contact 
the Department of Art History at 
(804) 257-1064. 

July 1-30, 1985: Italy, sponsored 
by the Department of Foreign 
Languages. Cost is S670, not 
including air fare. For additional 
information, contact the Depart- 
ment of Foreign Languages at 
(804) 257-1397. 

July 7-August 2, 1985: Austria, 
sponsored jointly by the Depart- 
ment of Foreign Languages and 
the University of Klagenfurt, 
Austria. Cost is S770, not includ- 
ing air fare. For additional 
information, contact the Depart- 
ment of Foreign Languages at 
(804) 257-1397. 

All international study tours are 
cospunsored by the Division of Continu- 
ing Studies and Pubhc Service. To 
register for these trips and to find out 
about other study-abroad opportunities 
for a semester or a year, contact the 
International StitJies Coordinator. 301 
West Franklm Street. Richmond, VA 
2i220; (804) 786-0342. 


February 26, 27; April 23, 24: 

Improving Written Communica- 
tions in Business. Registration fee 
is S295 and includes instructional 
materials and lunch and coffee 
breaks. Lodging is not included. 
For more information about the 
workshop and lodging accom- 
modations, or to register, contact 
the Management Center, School 
of Business, 1015 Floyd Avenue, 
Richmond, VA 23284-0001; 
(804) 257-1279. 


1984-85 Terrace Concert Series 
All concerts are held at the VCU 
Performing Arts Center, 922 Pork 
Avenue, 8 pm. The Terrace 
Concert Series is sponsored by 
the Department of Music, School 
of the Arts, and the John F. 
Kennedy Center for the Perform- 
ing Arts. The series is supported 
by the CSX Corporation. 

February 20: The Brandenburg 


March 10: The American Brass 


April 1 : Claudine Carlson, 


May 1: Young-Uck Kim, violinist; 

Peter Serkin, pianist 

May 5: Lucy Shelton, soprano; 

Eliot Fisk, guitar; David Jolley, 

horn; Lambert Orkis, piano 

Continental Classics: Live from 


A simulcast production over 

public television and public 

radio throughout Virginia, live 

from the VCU Performing Arts 

Center, 8 pm. 

March 23: Faculty Artists 

April 20: Choral Group 

Conducted Ensemble Series 

VCU Performing Arts Center, 

8 pm 

February 23: Symphonic Band 

March 8-9: VCU Opera 


March 5: Concert Band 

March 22: Collegium Musicum 

April 2: VCU Symphony 

April 12: VCU Symphony 

April 13: Madrigalist 

April 17: Percussion Ensemble 

April 19: Jazz Orchestra I 

April 20: Choral Group 

April 26: Jazz Orchestra II 

April 28: Choral Arts Society 

May 4: VCU Symphony 

VCU Jazz VI Series 

Empire Theater, 118 West Brood 

Street, 8 pm 

March 22: Chick Corea and 

Gary Burton 

April 19: Frank Foster and the 

VCU Jazz Orchestra I 

For tickets and more information about 
these and other concerts, c<mtact the 
Department of Music, School of the 
Arts. 922 Park At'cnue, Ric/imond, \'A 
232S4-O001: (804) 257-6046. 


March 18-May 6: Watercolor 

March 19-April 23: Basic 
Darkroom; Planning Your Finan- 
cial Security; Progressing as a 

March 19-May 7: Writing the 
First Novel 

March 19-May 21: Equitation 
and Horsemanship (Session I) 
March 20-April 24: Calligraphy 
March 20-May 8: The Crown of 
St. Edward: English and British 
Dynasties; Oriental Painting 

March 21-May 2: Calligraphy 
March 21-May 9: Writing and 
Selling the Magazine Article; 
Understanding the Stock Market 
March 21-May 16: Speaking in 

March 23: Basic Introduction to 

March 23-May 11: Photogra- 
phy — A Visual Language 
March 26-April 16: Introduction 
to Personal Computers 
March 26-April 23: Women and 
the Law 

March 27-April 17: Returning to 

March 27-April 24: Building 

April 1-22: Herbs Are In 
April 1-29: Spanish 
April 2-3: Advanced Reading 
April 2-30: Italian 
April 3-May 1; German 
April 4-May 2: French 
April23, April 27, May 4-11: 
Rocks, Rapids, and Richmond 
May 11 : Plantation Tales 
May 28-July 30: Equitation and 
Horsemanship (Session II) 

VCU noncredit courses run two-ten 
u'eeks and range in price from $40- 
$175. For more information about these 
and other noncredit courses, or to 
register, contact the Dii'ision of 
Continuing Studies and Public Service, 
301 West Franklin Street, Richmimd, 
VA 23220; (804) 786-0342. 


March 21-23: Edward Bond's 
Narrow Road to the Deep North, 
directed by Keri Womald. Shafer 
Street Playhouse, 221 Shafer 

April 17-27: William Shake- 
speare's The Merchant of Ven- 
ice, directed by Dr James 
Parker. VCU Performing Arts 
Center, 922 Park Avenue. 

For tickets and more in/ormation, 
contact the bo.\- office at the Department 
of Theatre, 922 Park Avenue. 
Richmond, VA 23284-0001: (804) 

M A 



Z 1 



Volume 13, Number 3 

Winter 1985 

A publication for alumni and friends of 

Virginia Commonwealth University 

Elaine Jones, editor 
Scotf Wright, art director 
Mary Catherine Dunn, David 

Ashe Hogge, copy editors 
David Mathis, director of VCU 



Limited Edition Discourse 2 

Program Chronicle 4 

The church in Nicaragua 6 

An English professor went to Nicaragua in summer 1983 and 
interviewed members of religious groups wtio support the 

Faculty-stafF anthology 1 1 

Five faculty and one staff member allow us glimpses of their 
personal avocations, which often play starring roles in their 
professional vocations — and vice versa. 

Physician abroad: the 16 

China tour 

The associate dean of continuing medical education recently 
returned from a study tour of China, where he and 25 other 
American physicians explored modern and ancient Chinese 
medical practices. 

A day in the life of a 20 

medical student 

Ever wonder what a medical student really does? A VCU mass 
communications graduate wanted to find out. Here's her report 
on a day in the life of her brother, as he pursues a lifelong dream 
at MCV Hospitals. 

University in the News 
Research Exchange 
Alumni Update 



Each issue of VCU Magazine de- 
tails only a few of the interesting 
aspects of Virginia Common- 
wealth University. The opinions 
expressed in VCU Magazine are 
those of the author and not nec- 
essarily those of VCU. 

Located in Virginia's capital 
city, Richmond, VCU traces its 
founding date to 1838. Today, 
VCU is an urban, public univer- 
sity, enrolling nearly 20,000 
students on the Academic and 
Medical College of Virginia 

VCU Magazine is produced 
three times a year by VCU 

Copyright a 1985 by Virginia 
Commonwealth University 

An Equal Opporlunity/Atlirmalive Action Universily 





Or How I Failed Dog Obedience 

never thought I 
would have a dog. 
It was an accident. 

The hlessed 
event occurred 
one bright May 
morning, as I was 
trying to face up 
to the fact that I 
had graduated and found myself stuck in 
the Real World. There, on my doorstep, 
was a small black gift — a whimpering 
ball of fur with worms and bladder 
control problems. 1 fell inexorably in 
love with my new Laborador Retriever. 

I searched for names, rejecting Blacky 
and Annabell (my mother's suggestion) 
and settling temporarily on Kay: "Kay" 
rhymed with "stay," and I worried about 
setting off a canine neurosis when alter- 
nating call and stay commands. It 
eventually became Katy. A relationship 
was born. 

I didn't know much about the world 
according to dogs. Always one to admit 
my inexperience, I realized I had to do 
st)mething to nurture a successful rela- 
tionship with Katy. 1 suspected I was 
already getting off on the wrong foot 
with "housebreaking." I rubbed Katy's 
nose in the mess she made on the new 
carpet and tossed her outside, as punish- 
ment. She loved going outside. She 
learned that to earn such a treat, she 
should mess on the carpet. I learned to 
use the Yellow Pages to find a dog obedi- 
ence school. 

1 began reading up on dogs to pass the 
time while 1 waited for Puppy Class to 
start, and I learned other useful correc- 
tions. For instance, ideally you must get 
your dog to associate bad behavior with 
a punishment — not with you. So, if your 
dog is chewing on your record collec- 
tion, instead of yelling at it, you should 

try ambushing it somehow, like throw- 
ing a magazine near the dog to startle it. 
The dog will be frightened and likely 
turn to you. But you never let on that 
you threw the magazine; instead you 
simply smile innocently and say some- 
thing pleasant. Thus, it learns that if it 
ever goes near your record collection, it 
will have a negative experience asso- 
ciated with chewing and not with you. 

1 got the opportunity to try this 
technique twice. The first time, I caught 
Katy chewing on my coffee table. I 
threw the magazine but hit Katy in the 
head. The magazine bounced off her 
head and skidded across the coffee table, 
taking with it two (full) ashtrays, a vase 
with water and fresh flowers, and a 
plate of half-eaten pizza. Katy happily 
munched the unexpected pizza, 1 scoured 
and vacuumed the carpet, and we both 
missed the point of the exercise. 

The second time involved by brother, 
who was spending the weekend with me. 
Katy was jumping on him and barking 
while he tried to read the morning paper 
on the couch. Being a kind guest, he 
grinned and bore it, but I had had 
enough. I lay in the hallway with maga- 
zine in hand, waiting for the precise 
moment to fling it for the crucial associ- 
ation of jumping and barking with a 
negative experience. Finally she hopped 
up on the couch again; 1 timed it per- 
fectly and threw the magazine. This time 
1 hit my brother in the head. Jumping 
and shouting in surprise, he frightened 
Katy into an abject position. Katy had 
learned never to go near my brother 

Puppy class wouldn't start for months. 
I had the summer to spend "socializing" 
with my new puppy, as the instructor 
explained to me the day 1 registered for 
class. With increasing fear, 1 was begin- 
ning to suspect that one must correct 
bad habits while the dog is still a puppy, 
or else face having an ill-mannered dog 

for the rest of its life. By the time the 
first class rolled around, I looked back on 
three months of habits from which I 
could not sort the good from the had. 1 
didn't know, for instance, that Katy's 
constant nipping at my hands, feet, 
clothing, ear lobes, furniture, and plants 
was a sign of dominant behavior. I 
thought she was just teething. 

"You should have gotten control of 
that," said the instructor on the first 
night before class assembled, looking at 
my effervescent animal. "Treat her as if 
you were her mother. Her mother would 
never put up with that." 

Puppies, 1 discovered, are pushy by 
nature. As a matter of survival, they 
attempt to dominate the leaders of the 
pack. Dogs are, as everyone knows, pack 
animals. But, though they mostly live 
with humans today — infrequently travel- 
ing in dog packs — they still react toward 
their environment as if it were a pack. 
And the owner is the leader of the pack, 
so to speak. Dog mothers control their 
pushy offspring instinctively. When the 
puppy misbehaves — like snapping — the 
dog mother grabs the puppy by the neck 
with her teeth, flings it to the ground, 
and growls. "You have to do fhe same 
thing," 1 was told. I tried this technique 
in the privacy of my own backyard — 1 
could not bring myself to do it in public. 
1 developed a pretty convincing growl 
but never perfected the flinging part. 
Later I learned that I didn't actually 
have to use my teeth; since I had hands, 
1 might find flinging a little easier. In the 
meantime, Katy grew from a cute 10- 
pound bundle of joy to 50 pounds of 

Thus armed with some ambiguous 
social experiences nurtured over the 
summer, 1 approached that first night of 
Puppy Class with high hopes. The 
instructor herded us into the auditorium. 
After 15 minutes spent untangling 
ourselves from one another's puppies, we 

arranged ourselves on a row of benches. 
The instructor watched tiredly, 1 
thought, looking us over as if we were 
the sorriest excuse for a Puppy Class she 
had seen in ten years of teaching. The 
dogs naturally were on their worst 
behavior and many waited only until 
they were indciors to relieve themselves, 
but we all pretended not to notice. 

"Has anyone here ever been to dog 
obedience school?" she asked needlessly. 
When no one spoke, her spirits seemed 
to lift, her suspicions confirmed. 

We were issued leashes and collars for 
our puppies, instructed to practice for 
ten minutes each day, and shown a film 
on introducing the puppy to its new 
environment at home. I discovered from 
the film that I had committed approxi- 
mately 15 major errors over the summer. 
Mostly, however, 1 spent the first eve- 
ning warding off Katy's attacks. 

Training began in earnest the second 

"Forward! Fast! Sic 


3l! Nc 

trainers, sit and stay your dogs!" 

By the end of the third week of class, 
we were all heeling, sitting, and staying 
expertly on command. I was frankly 
amazed at our progress. Our dogs, how- 
ever, were not so quick to catch on. We 
still had seven weeks of class to get them 
in shape. 

"Some of you don't look like you're 
working your dogs at home," the instruc- 
tor sang out sarcastically. "You'll be shot 
on sight if you don't practice each day," 
she threatened. 

Shot? Out came the squirt guns. "You, 
over there with the doherman. Continue 
using that tight leash and you'll get it 
right in the face," the instructor shouted 
to a breathless classmate being dragged 
around the auditorium in the heel 

Meanwhile, 1 continued working on 
being a good dog mother. With my hand 
grasped firmly between her teeth, Katy 
was rapidly developing that all impor- 
tant bonding with me, crucial to good 
pack behavior. And as the pattern of 
nicks, cuts, and gashes inched its way up 
my arm, I continued growling and 
flinging her to the ground. Rewarded, 
Katy wagged her tail each time; she was 
having great fun. 

"If she keeps biting you, try sticking 
your hand down her throat," the instruc- 
tor suggested one night. "Like this." In 
nanoseconds, the instructor had Katy 
gagging. I was impressed. 

"Incidentally, don't worry about 
hurting her feelings," the instructor 
offered helpfully. "You're just showing 
her whose boss, not abusing her." 

I studied my battered hand briefly and 
then looked Katy in the eye. Clenching 
and unclenching my jaw in my best 
Clint Eastwood imitation, I said between 
my teeth: "Go ahead. Make my day." 

Just when I thought the whole experi- 
ence had finally hit its nadir, Katy 
magically began performing as if she had 
been in obedience school since birth. 
When I slowed to a stop, she responded 
with the proper automatic sit. When 1 
increased my walking speed, she in- 
creased hers. When I gave her the 
command, "Katy, down," she hopped up 
and bagged a third of my right eyebrow. 
Downing her, admittedly, was still a 

"Now class, listen up," the instructor 
said on the seventh night. "Soon your 
dogs will start behaving as if they've 
never heard a command in their lives. 
They'll even act as if they don't know 
their names. Don't be concerned; it's 
just a phase." Katy clung to her every 

The last class finally passed, and Katy 
and 1 graduated. With diploma in hand, 
I eagerly signed up for the next level of 
training — more of the same, only 
slightly advanced in preparation for the 
ultimate test: obedience without a leash. 
At long last 1 was enamored with the 
whole idea. I began entertaining 
thoughts of showing Katy in obedience 
trials. I en\'isioned family and friends 
coming to shows, beaming with pride as 
I would step up and garner first prize, or 
at least honorable mention. 

Even though the experience had been 
mostly frustrating, as 1 looked lovingly 
into Katy's soft brown eyes that gradua- 
tion night, I decided it had been worth 
it. She had a fond expression on her face 
(1 could tell), and she wagged her tail 
contentedly. I bent down and asked for a 
kiss. She slurped my chin and snifted my 

ear, tugging slightly on the leash in a 
beckoning gesture. "We'll leave soon," 1 
reassured her softly. 

But, we were to return, only not for 
the next set of classes. 

The following weekend, as Katy and I 
strode around the backyard — Katy, for 
once calmly responding to my every 
command, and me, hoping the neigh- 
bors hadn't taken this particular week- 
end i)ff from watching me practice — the 
telephone rang. 1 ran into the house, 
distracted only briefly by the sight of 
Katy hurtling the fence to chase the 
neighbor's children, and picked up the 

The telephone v(.)ice identified itself 
as the director of the obedience school. 
But he had not called on the weekend to 
discuss how pleased he was that Katy 
and I had signed up for the next term. 
Instead, he mentioned another class that 
the obedience school offered. Goody, I 
said to myself, perhaps we are to skip a 
grade, as it were — right from Puppy 
Class to Show Preparation. 

"Now, first let me get my facts 
straight. An instructor complained about 
a black lab she thought was Katy, block- 
ing her from behind and nipping her on 
the shoulder. Do 1 have the right dog 

I paused to consider how 1 should 

"What was your name again, sir?" 1 
asked, playing for time. 

But it was no use; he had me. He then 
discussed this other class in more detail. 
Show Preparation, indeed. It seemed he 
thought Katy's ability was best suited to 
a special class in disruptis'e behavior. 
This, he explained, employed the same 
training techniques used to get wild 
animals to perform in mo\'ies and the 

Well, at least it is reassuring to know 
Katv has a future somewhere in the Real 
World. S 








ranees Timherlake 
has never been 
busier in her Ufe. 
At 68, she is 
experiencing an 
active retirement: 
she is a member ot 
several clubs, and 
her volunteer 
commitments would tire even the hardi- 
est ot souls. But Timberlake recently 
took the time to do something she had 
not done for almost half a century. She 
became a student again. 

Timberlake and several hundred of her 
contemporaries are enrolled in a rela- 
tively new, yet extremely popular, 
program called the VCU Free Univer- 
sity. Based on sound theories and a 
certain degree of sheer instinct, the Free 
University uses a unique approach to 
bring together two congruous groups — 
older people who still desire to learn and 
retired and emeriti faculty who still 
desire to teach. 

Dr. Howard Sparks, vice-provost for 
continuing studies and public service 
and founder of the Free University, has 
worked closely with the project since its 
inception a year ago. According to 
Sparks, the name of the program reflects 
both the spirit of its purpose and the cost 
of participation. 

Sparks, strongly committed to the 
Free University, speaks proudly about 
feats accomplished in such a short time. 
"We wanted to organize our retired and 
emeriti faculty," says Sparks, "and at the 
same time contribute to the university 
and its community." 

Aware of a retired and emeriti faculty 
organization in search of an interesting 
and worthwhile project. Sparks sug- 
gested that their expertise in teaching 
would contribute admirably to the 
community. Working within the tradi- 
tional university setting would be the 
traditionally dynamic student-teacher 
relationship, but both the student and 
teacher would be over 60. 

"We wanted to 

organize our retired 

and emeriti faculty 

and at the same time 

contribute to the 

university and its 


— Howard Sparks 

"1 asked the retired and emeriti faculty 
to form a committee and determine 
what some of their interests might be," 
says Sparks. Headed by John Mapp, 
emeritus professor and former dean of 
VCU's Evening College, the committee 
S(_)ught to identify appropriate subjects to 
be taught and locate retired and emeriti 
faculty willing to teach them. 

The Free University was born. Faculty 
with myriad interests and expertise were 
recruited, among them a former dean of 
medicine and a former dean of arts and 
sciences. Some faculty members wanted 
to teach subjects other than those they 
had taught before retirement. For exam- 

ple, Edwin Thomas, professor emeritus 
of psychology, offered to teach a bridge 
class, while Dr. Edward Peple, a retired 
University of Richmond English profes- 
sor, presented a spellbinding talk in the 
travel series. 

Sparks feels strongly that the univer- 
sity has an obligation to its retired and 
emeriti faculty. "Typical volunteer 
opportunities for them lack substantive 
social contact, which," Sparks adds, "is a 
major benefit of volunteer work. What 
better solution than a classroom setting." 

He continues: "Retired teachers never 
really want to stop teaching, because 
they still have something to teach." 
Sparks sees the Free University as a 
logical extension of what faculty have 
always done. "We are just giving them 
the opportunity to continue doing it, 
but to a different population and in a 
different format." 

The Free University, according to 
Sparks, naturally complements Elderhos- 
tel, an international network of educa- 
tional institutions based on the Euro- 
pean hosteling tradition. While similar 
in focus, the programs differ in that the 
Free University is not a resident pro- 
gram. Classes are offered during the day 
at easily accessible locations. Accessibil- 
ity allows students to attend the Free 
University regularly, while they may not 
have the mobility to travel to an 
Elderhostel program. "This nonresidence 
factor," says Sparks, "allows us to offer 
the Free University free of charge." 

Barbara Perrins, coordinator for 
noncredit public service programs for the 
university, attends to the logistics of the 

Free University. She has watched the 
program grow from one location last year 
to three instructional sites this year. 
With the ever-increasing demand for 
space at VCU, the Free University asked 
other community-minded groups in the 
area to cooperate in setting up the 
program. Richmond's Shepherd's Cen- 
ter, Westminster Canterbury, and the 
Richmond Newspapers came to the 

"Continued growth is crucial to the 
success of the Free University," says 
Perrins. "As a state university, VCU is 
obligated to expand its reach into the 
community. We need to offer Free 
University programs in as many places as 
possible. Imagine offering persons over 
60 throughout the city a chance to 
learn, a few hours each week to look 
forward to, an opportunity to befriend 
those who share a special interest." 

Perrins admits that it won't be easy to 
expand, given the logistics. The Free 
University lacks a budget and, therefore, 
no funds exist for salaries, rent, or 
supplies. "The program is strictly non- 
profit," says Perrins. "We have to rely on 
the assistance of faculty and other 
volunteers who believe in the Free 
University." Growth of the Free Univer- 
sity may depend on the availability of 
grants for basic administrative costs, 
according to Perrins. 

Meanwhile, the program conducts 
business as usual. Since no prerequisites 
for admission exist, it has been impor- 
tant to develop a combination of classes 
that appeals to a wide variety of people. 

"Some young people 

make lifelong friends 

in college. College at 

any age should be 

that way." 

— Reverend Robert Seller 

Curriculum is determined by a planning 
committee consisting of Mapp; the 
Reverend Robert Seiler, executive 
director of the Shepherd's Center; Dr. 
Nicholas Sharp, director of nontradi- 
tional studies at VCU; and Perrins. 

"We discuss what we think might be 
of interest to students," says Perrins. 

"Much of what we decide is based on 
what we hear from students and faculty." 
Classes offered during the first year 
included Traveling Around the World, 
Twentieth Century America — Crises 
and Controversies, and The Home 
Computer: Uses and Misuses. Two 
immensely popular classes were bridge 
and gardening. 

The committee added numert)us other 
topics to the fall and spring schedules, 
including You and the Law, The Chang- 
ing World of Science, Experiences in 
Appreciating the Arts, History of Rus- 
sia, and others. 

"I enjoy exchanging 
ideas, and I enjoy 
learning. I'm glad to 
see a larger selection 
of courses this year." 

— Sarah Cousins 

"We receive quite a bit of correspon- 
dence from students suggesting possible 
courses," says Perrins. "The committee 
also takes advantage of every opportu- 
nity to talk personally with students and 
faculty to determine the needs of the 
program. We are constantly polling 
participants to determine our effective- 
ness and to chart a future course." 

Mabel Pitha enrolled as a student last 
spring. A former elementary school 
teacher, Pitha was looking for something 
to do with her spare time, something to 
take her mind off a recent family 

"I always wanted to learn to play 
bridge," says Pitha. "So I took a bridge 
class. Although 1 have thoroughly 
enjoyed the class, 1 would like to see 
more academic classes offered." Pitha is 
taking the art appreciation course this 

Another student, Sarah Cousins, also 
returned to the Free University this 
semester. "The classes are just marvel- 
ous," she says. "I enjoy exchanging 
ideas, and I enjoy learning. I'm glad to 
see a larger selection of courses this 

"It's such a thrill to see these students 
in our classes," says Perrins. "They're as 
sharp as tacks, they are well-read and 
well-informed, and they are critical of 
what they read and hear." 

Both Sparks and Seiler agree with this 
assessment. "Our experience so far has 
proved that older people are very stimu- 
lating students," says Seiler. "They bring 
to the classroom knowledge, expertise, 
and interest. The success of the Free 
University proves that people can learn 
and retain information all their lives." 

Seiler believes that students become 
involved because they want to continue 
to learn about the changing world. "The 
Free University provides an opportunity 
tor older students to keep abreast of 
what's happening," he says. "But, it's 
also a social experience. Some young 
people make lifelong friends in college. 
College at any age should be that way." 

Sparks has a dream of extending the 
Free University nationwide. He envi- 
sions it as a project tor national organiza- 
tions of retired and emeriti faculty whi) 
want to continue their careers beyond 
retirement. "It a network could be 
established," he says, "the program could 
become quite spectacular. Imagine the 
learning opportunities, the teaching 
opportunities, regardless of age, as a 
function of interest and location." Cf 

Material for this article was contributed by 
Jerry Lewis, a freelance writer based in 
Richmond and editor of the Richmond 
nuigazine, Clue. 


By James Pendleton 

n the side of a 
bomhed-out stucco 
house, yellow 
lettets ptoclaim in 
Spanish, "Jesus 
Chfist, yestetday, 
today, and tomot- 
row"; and even 
hefote teaching 
downtown Managua ttom the aitpott, a 
visitor begins to sense the importance of 
Christianity in the life of the Nicaraguan 
people. Farther along the street, on the 
wall of a building devastated by the 
earthquake of 1972, careful black letters 
make the simple declaration: "Between 
Christianity and Revolution there is no 

Estimates indicate that 95 percent of 
the Nicaraguan people are Christians; 
and in a very short time, a visitor comes 
to realize that the Christian community 
provides powerful support for the San- 
dinista Revolution. This support is 
especially strong among the 15 percent 
of Christians who compose the Protes- 
tant Churches. 

The two organizations that coordinate 
the efforts of the community of Chrisian 
revolutionaries are the Evangelical 
Committee for Aid and Development 
(known as CEPAD) and the Antonio 
Valdivieso Ecumenical Center. 

I visited the CEPAD offices in summer 
1983 and was greeted there by executive 
director Alberto Aguierre Escobar, a 
Methodist minister. The question before 
us was simply, "What is the relationship 
between the Sandinista Revolution and 
the Protestant churches?" 

Aguierre begins with enthusiasm. 
"The real forward thrust of the San- 
dinista Revolution began in the Protes- 
tant churches," he says. "It began with 
the earthquake of 1972." He is a dark, 
barrel-chested man; and on this day in 

CEPAD headquarters, he wears a bright 
green guayabera shirt. "That is the 
amazing thing," he says. "It is a case of 
great good being brought out of the 
greatest tragedy. The city of Managua 
was devastated. Thousands of people 
were homeless. They had no food and 
no medical help, and no aid was coming 
from Somoza's government. Relief 
agencies from the rest of the world sent 
help, of course. Over 600 airplanes flew 
into Managua with money and supplies. 
But not one penny of that money was 
ever used for relief. Not one morsel of 
that food ever found its way into the 
mouths of the needy. Somoza kept it all 
tor himself. He pocketed the money and 
sold the food to the National Guard to 
make a greater profit." (He is referring to 
Anastasio Somoza Debayle, the dictator 
of Nicaragua and the son of the Somoza 
who founded the dynasty in 1936.) 
"Then we knew," Aguierre says, "then 
we knew that to save our lives, we had 
tt) take things into our own hands. We 
had to change the world." 

CEPAD was formed in response to 
this earthquake crisis. It is a multi- 
denominational organization composed 
ot 37 churches from eight evangelical 
denominations. Within six weeks after 
its founding in 1972, CEPAD had 
developed a project for feeding children 
and pregnant women in the quake- 
shattered areas. "Government officials 
were amazed at us," Aguierre says. "They 
thought such a program would take two 
years to form. In two years we would 
have been dead." 

The lasting effect of the earthquake, 
Aguierre continues, is that it unified the 
churches, which then worked together 
as never before. It supplied coherence 
and structure, providing ultimately a 
sense ot purpose and philosophy that 
would inform the revolution. "The 
earthquake toughened us and taught us 
that we could deal with crisis. When the 

revolution came, we were not afraid of 
that crisis either." 

In 1979, after the fall of the Somoza 
regime, CEPAD began to look abroad 
for guidance in how to proceed. It 
consulted with Czechoslovakia and 
Yugoslavia and other Eastern block 
countries, and a delegation visited Cuba. 
"But we discovered that we did not want 
to be like Cuba," Aguierre says. "This 
revolution is Nicaraguan. It is a revolu- 
tion of the church, led by the church. In 
Cuba, the church withdrew and even 
resisted the revolution. Our revolution 
must remain true to the specific needs of 
the Nicaraguan people." 

According to the CEPAD leaders, the 
earthquake and the revolution reformed 
the Nicaraguan churches, not only in 
organization but in theology. "We no 
longer recognize the idea ot separation 
between flesh and spirit," Aguierre says. 
"This new church addresses itself to all 
human needs." And indeed CEPAD is 
organized to meet this new theological 
commitment. It is divided into depart- 
ments of education and human develop- 
ment, rural development, regional 
development of the Atlantic Coast, 
public relations, and pastoral counseling. 
"Our programs are to serve people, 
regardless of religious or racial or other 

"Is there any working relationship 
with the Catholic Church?" 1 ask. 

"Not officially," Aguierre replies. 
"Officially the Catholic Church does not 
speak to us. According to the Catholic 
hierarchy, the church is the bishops; and 
the bishops have opposed the revolution 
from the beginning. But we do have 
excellent relations with individual 
parishes and priests who have worked 
very hard for the people and for the 

Also present at CEPAD headquarters 
is the Reverend Tomas Tellez, executive 
secretary of the Nicaraguan Baptist 

Convention, who on this day is dis- 
traught over the crisis of his churches 
near the Honduran border. "The Baptist 
churches in the Department ot Nuevo 
Segovia have been hit especially hard," 
Tellez says. "The Somocistas who raid 
Nicaraguan territory from Honduras 
want to destroy all forms of social struc- 
ture — so the churches and church 
leaders get special treatment. Not long 
ago in the town of Bana, a raiding party 
broke into the home of Reverend Isidoro 
Palma and raped his four daughters. Not 
tar away, 300 Somocistas raided a health 
center, ransacking the clinic in the 
middle of the night and firing into 
people's homes. They killed a three- 
month-old girl and four adults." (The 
Somocistas are former members of 
Somoza's National Guard who are today 

being supported and armed by the 
United States as part of the covert aid 
program. ) 

"But what is their final objective.'" I 
ask. "What do they hope to win?" 

"They want to harrass and demoralize 
people. When they attack farmers 
working in their fields, they keep them 
from harvesting or planting crops. They 
keep pastors from speaking out. When 
people can no longer live in the area, 
they will have to leave the land." 

As I rode away from CEPAD head- 
quarters, through the barrio southward 
toward the Valdivieso Center, I saw long 
lines ot cars waiting for their limited 
allotment of gas at the Esso, Texaco, and 
Chevron service stations, part of the 
war-time economy of a nation under 

In the conference room of the Anto- 
nio Valdivieso Ecumenical Center, two 
large posters honor Monsignor Oscar A. 
Romero, the bishop who was assassi- 
nated on March 24, 1980, while con- 
ducting a church service in El Salvador. 
One poster is a full-face photograph of 
Romero with a Spanish inscription 
quoting his words: "A bishop will die, 
but the Church of God, that is the 
people, will never perish." 

The Valdivieso Center is supported by 
the World Council of Churches and a 
number of separate European ecumenical 
organizations. It is named in honor of 
Valdivieso, a priest who gave his life 
trying to defend the Indians from unlaw- 
ful seizure of their land. Today Father 
Uriel Molina directs the center; its co- 
directors are ordained ministers from the 

1850 Cornelius Vanderbilt establishes 
the Accessory Transit Company, using 
land and water to take Easterners to 

1855 William Walker leads a merce- 
nary army into Nicaragua, defeats both 
liberals and conservatives, and declares 
himself president. His government is 
recognized by the United States. 
1860 Walker offends Vanderbilt, is 
captured by the British and executed in 

1860-1909 U.S. transportation, 
mining, and agricultural enterprises in 
Nicaragua expand. 
1909 Nicaraguan President Zelaya 
secures a large loan from England and is 
charged by the U.S. with violation of 
the Monroe Doctrine. The U.S. prom- 
ises to support anyone who will unseat 
the Zelaya government. When the 
Conservative Party attempts a coup, 
endangering U.S. mining interests, the 
U.S. Marines are landed "to protect 
U.S. life and property." 
1910-25 Marines occupy Nicaragua. 
The U.S. arranges to have Adolfo Diaz 
installed as president. Diaz changes the 
constitution to allow "the United States 
to intervene in [Nicaragua's] internal 

affairs in order to maintain peace." 
British loans are replaced by U.S. loans; 
and Nicaragua's tax revenues, railways, 
steamship lines, and banks are taken 
over by U.S. banks and directed from 
New York and Washington. 

1925 Marines are withdrawn. 

1926 Coffee prices drop; large land- 
owners forcibly expropriate peasants' 
lands to grow more coffee. 

The Conservative Party mounts a 
revolution against Liberal President 
Solorzano. As a result of the fighting, 
the Marines are again sent in "to protect 
American life and property." 

Solorzano resigns and Adolfo Diaz, 
unelected, is again installed by the U.S. 
as president and backed by Marines. 
1926-32 General Augusto Sandino 
leads a revolution against U.S. interven- 
tion in Nicaragua's internal affairs. The 
Marines train the Guardia Nacional, but 
the war is fought primarily between the 
Marines and Sandino's guerillas. 

1932 The Marines are withdrawn by 
President Hoover, who could no longer 
justify the loss of U.S. life and the 
expenditure of U.S. money in an impos- 
sible war. 

1933 A cease fire is established. Juan 
Sacasa is elected president and Anastasio 
Somoza Garcia is appointed commander 
of the Guardia Nacional, a unit organized 
and trained by the Marines. 

1934 General Sandino is assassinated 
by General Somoza after a peace 

1936 General Somoza mounts a coup 
against President Sarcasa, has himself 
installed as president, and establishes the 
Somoza dynasty, using the Guardia 
Nacional to enforce his will. 
1936-79 The Somoza family takes 
over 40 percent of Nicaragua's land and 
dominates its economic and industrial 
life, amassing a $900 million fortune 
while letting the population remain 70 
percent illiterate, with a life expectancy 
of 49.9 years and an average per capita 
income of $286 for two-thirds of the 
people. Large quantities of U.S. military 
and economic aid are sent to help the 
Somozas "fight communism." 
1976-79 The Sandinista Revolution. 
1979 Anastasio Somoza Debayle is 
defeated by the Sandinistas and forced to 
leave Nicaragua. Many of the Guardia 
hlacional flee to Honduras. The San- 
dinista government is established, 
directed by a nine-member junta. 
1981-present The U.S. government 
has armed, equipped, and trained the 
former members of Somoza's Guardia 
Nacional (Somocistas) and other Contra 
factions in their attempt to invade 
Nicaragua from Honduras and unseat the 
Sandinista government. 

In fall 1984, the Pope and the hierarchy 
of the Roman Catholic Church mounted 
a major campaign against the idea of 
"liberation theology" and against the 
Catholic priests who work in support of 
the Sandinista government. 

Assembly of God and the Presbyterian 

On the morning of my visit, I meet 
co-director James Goff, a Presbyterian 
missionary to Central and South Amer- 
ica for the last 35 years, and two staff 
members. Father P. Antonio Castro, a 
diocesan Nicaraguan priest, and Father 
P. Rafael Aragon, a Dominican priest 
from Spain. 

"Our primary purpose," Goff says, "is 
to help Christians understand the rela- 
tionship between the Nicaraguan Revo- 
lution and the Christian faith and their 
own churches." The center publishes a 
monthly magazine, produces a Sunday 
radio program, and publishes a weekly 
newspaper column relating the Gospel to 
the revolutionary process and evaluating 
the revolution in terms of the Gospel. 
"Of course, we must be very realistic," 
Goff says. "Liberation theology sees the 
future of Latin America as some form of 
socialism; and the revolution, quite 
frankly, is moving in that direction. Our 
job at the center is to try to free the 
Christian mentality from its marriage to 
the capitalistic system." 

There are some deep-rooted and 
inflexible ideas that must be changed it 
Christianity and the Christian church 
continue to grow through times ot 
radical political development, Goft 
thinks. "The average middle class Chris- 
tian in the United States is wedded to 
the idea of the U. S. as a 'Christian' 
nation," he says. "This leads most people 
to feel that whatever the U. S. does is 
'right' and that any political or economic 
system that differs from the U. S. system 
must be stupid or evil. Consequently, 
they feel that the U. S. military always 
backs the 'right' government, that 
socialism is evil, and that revolution 
against any system the U. S. has sup- 
ported is bad. These views must be 

Prior to the revolution, Goff says, 
almost no ecumenical interest in Nicara- 
gua existed. The churches just did not 
cooperate. Most of the Protestant sects 
came to Nicaragua with a strong anti- 
Catholic bias, and it was met with an 
equally strong anti-Protestant bias. "But 
since the revolution, the new movement . 
has formed a way to unite denomina- 
tit)ns in a joint revolutionary process, 
recognizing the churches' basic responsi- 
bilities for the poor. There is fear of 
ecumenism, of course, but the churches 
are learning to work together and yet 

retain their own traditions and 

At this point, Goff is joined by Father 
Castro and Father Aragon, both in 
casual clothes. "But don't think the 
problems are solved or that all churches 
are supporting the revolution," Father 
Castro says. "There is probably more 
dishonest political manipulation by the 
churches now than ever. From the 
Catholic side, we have recently had a 
number of visions and miracles." One of 
these "miraculous" events "occurred at 
the time the Sandinista government was 
presenting its declaration supporting 
freedom of religion. At the town of 
Cuopa it was discovered that the statue 
of the Virgin had begun to perspire. The 
church promoted the miracle, and the 
Bishop ot Chantal declared Cuopa a 
national shrine. Peasants came from the 
countryside and dabbed their kerchiefs 
in the sweat ot the Virgin in order to 
touch and cure body sores. Of course, 
later we learned that this miraculous 
sweat was caused by soaking the Virgin 
in water, putting het in a freezer over 
night, and then taking her out to sweat 
in the tropic heat." But, Father Castro 
suggests, this was clearly an attempt by 
the church to resist the idea of freedom 
of religion. 

"A final manipulation," Father Castro 
says, "was the visit of the Pope on 
March 4, 1983. It illuminated the 
division that exists within the church. 
The Pope emphasized unity around the 
bishops rather than solidarity around the 
Christian faith. Bishop Obandt) y Bravo 
plays a major role in opposition to the 
revolution. The Pope came to 
strengthen that; and the Nicaraguan 
middle class, along with the Catholic 
hierarchy, intended it that way. The 
result was further division ot the 

"Other revolutions have been opposed 
to participation of Christians," Father 
Aragon says. "But in the Sandinista 
Revolution we see Christian participa- 
tion at every level of government. We 
are not looking for a nationalistic 
church, but we believe Christians should 
participate — always with a critical 
Biblical standard. Both Christians and 
non-Christians are welcome to partici- 
pate. In Nicaragua we have a secular 
state that does not discriminate between 
believers and nonbelievers, but the 
government recognizes the value of 
Christians who have made a commit- 

ment to the revolution. Unfortunately, 
it seems that the Catht)lic Church is 
now receiving direction from the Episco- 
pal conference to resist the revolutionary 

"Do you see evidence of strong Soviet 
or Cuban influence?" I ask. 

James Goff replies, "This revolution is 
trying to be the first modern revolution 
not modeled after Cuba or Russia. It's a 
Nicaraguan revolution based on Nicara- 
guan ideas. But that may change," Goft 
says. "There are strong Marxists at work, 
and a group of these is planning to take 
500 of the brightest young people to the 
Cuban Island ot Youth for training. They 
will come back with hard-line Marxist 
dogma; and the church, along with 
supporters of free democracy, must train 
people to debate with them in tree 

The following day, 1 visited Barbara 
Ginter, a Marykntill nun stationed in 

the city e^f Leon, 65 miles north of 
Managua. On entering Leon, a visitor 
notices immediately the small, white 
craters that adorn the facade of nearly 
every concrete or stucco huilding. These 
are huUet holes, reminders that, al- 
though Leon is the location of an an- 
cient university and a center for liberal 
thought, it has also been a center for 
violence. Anastasio Somoza Garcia was 
assassinated in Leon in 1956; and in 
September 1978 and June 1979, Leon 
suttered some of the bloodiest and most 
brutal fighting ot the Sandinista Revolu- 
tion as the Gnardia Nacional, directed by 
Anastasio Somoza Debayle, attempted to 
destroy the Sandinistas and all their 

Barbara G inter is from Syracuse, New 
York, and she lives in a convent with 
two other nuns in a middle class suburb 
just south of the central city. She is 
blonde, about 34, and on this day as we 
sit on the porch, she wears a street dress 
and sandals as any other North Ameri- 
can woman might do on a hot summer 
day. She is trained as a teacher and 
social worker. The other nuns are psy- 
chologists who work in the hospital and 
at the medical school. 

"How are the people in the small 
towns and in the countryside reacting to 
the revolution?" I ask her. 

"Frankly," she says, "1 think the 
people are very confused. They sup- 
ported the revolution, but now thete are 
shortages ot food and fuel and household 
supplies like soap. They get uncomfort- 
able and impatient." 

"Why are there shortages?" 

"Prt)bably tor many reasons," she says. 
"But one main reason is that many 
trained professionals left the country 
during the war, and the people who run 
things now have to learn their jobs from 
the ground up. Consequently, there's 
much inefficiency. But on the other 
hand, the people do see improved 
health, housing, and education, and 
they like this. But there's still 

"How do you as a Catholic nun rate 
the Sandinista government? Do you 
agree with what they're doing, or do you 
find yourself in conflict?" 

She thinks tor a moment before she 
answers. "As a Catholic nun," she says, 
"1 tind my faith calls me to support the 

Sandinista Revolution. We're not deal- 
ing with Communism here. It's Stin- 
dimsmo, which is made up of many 
things — Marxism, capitalism, and 
Christianity . . . but finally Sandinismo is 
itself. I have studied the Bible, and 1 find 
my beliefs consistent with the tevolu- 
tion. The government is highly self- 
critical and is looking for ways to 

As we talk on the porch, a young 
woman in her early 20s joins us. Barbara 
Ginter introduces her as the niece of 
Foreign Minister Miguel D'Scoto, one of 
the three Catholic priests on the govern- 
ment junta. She lives in Boston, the 
daughter of an American father and a 
Nicaraguan mother, and she travels 
often between the two countries. She is 
visiting the convent, as she considers 
joining the MaryknoU order. 

"Tell us about the Pope's visit in 
March," I ask Barbara Ginter. "How do 
you evaluate that?" 

"It was a disaster!" Barbara Ginter 
says, "a total disaster that merely 
deepened an already pronounced split in 
the church. And it confused and disap- 
pointed and saddened the people more 
than we can ever really know. The 
Pope's visit turned out to be almost 
totally political, aimed directly at the 
government. He ottered politics when 
the people wanted solace and spiritual 
guidance. As I understand it, both 
George Bush and [Assistant Sectetary ot 
State] Thomas Enders visited the Pope 
before he came and prepared him with a 
certain political bias. His speech was 
written by the bishops. But probably the 
most painful thing was that just days 
before the Pope's arrival, nine young 
men were ambushed and killed by the 
Somocistas, and the Pope didn't even 
mention it! The nation was in mourn- 
ing. The mothers ot dead sons were 
there to see the Pope, expecting some 
word of sympathy, some encouragement. 
And he didn't even mention that which 
was uppermost in the people's minds. 
And the people expressed their disap- 
pointment by their shouts and their 
slogans. That's when he got angry and 
tried to quiet them by raising his voice. 
It was a disaster. Yet Nicaragua gets 
blamed for being inhospitable to the 
Pope. Some people accuse the govern- 
ment of keeping believers away from the 
Pope, hut it just isn't true. The San- 
dinista government organized caravans 

to transport people to the Pope. They 
used a four-month ration of gasoline and 
went to great expense to make the visit a 
success. Nearly 600,000 people got to 
see the Pope, and yet the government 
gets accused of being antagonistic to his 

"How is the bishop here in northern 
Nicaragua? What is your relationship 
with him?" 

"Well, he has accepted us," Ginter 
says. "Whether he likes our being here 
or not is something else." 

As I leave, I comment on the parched 
grass of the yard. "On the way up, 1 
noticed that the fields and forests seemed 
badly burned and the cattle underfed. Is 
this normal?" I ask. 

"Oh no," Ginter says. "We've had a 
drought for the past year. And the rainy 
season is already a month overdue. 
That's another disaster." 

On the day of my visit with Ginter, a 
CEPAD official had been ambushed and 
wounded by Somocistas as he tried to 
organize a workers' center near the 
Honduran border; and 1 visited the 
CEPAD headquarters while 1 was in 
Leon. As 1 entered the bullet-scarred 
huilding, a 25-year-old government 
representative — a veteran with no left 
hand — was speaking to a group ot Bap- 
tist ministers encouraging them to 
maintain their faith in the revolution 
despite the pressures along the border. A 
number of the men responded to the 
government representative, but their 
general tone was summarized in the 
statement of one man: "I don't want to 
be a victim. I want to be a participant. 1 
am not a politician; I am a pastor. But 1 
am a Sandinista from my head to the 
soles of my feet!"S 

James Pendleton is professor of English at 
the university. 

Illustration by Scott Wright. 



By Robert Goldblum 

A mix of hobbies? Ways to occupy spare 
time! These profiles include five jaculiy and 
one staff member, as eclectic in their profes- 
sions as VCV itself and as their curious 
outside interests. Two of the faculty collect 
comic books, but even they pursue the 
hobby for different reasons. 

Many faculty and staff find something 
useful to do when they have finished peering 
into microscopes or poring over papers or 
preparing medications. What many of these 
people do in their professional lives and what 
they do away from campus make more 
sense as an integrated purpose than as a 
matter of spare time. 

Walter Griggs 

Rarely are a person's interests away from 
the job at once as similar and different as 
those of Dr. Walter Griggs. If it sounds 
paradoxical, well it is. Griggs, chairman 
of the business administration and 
management department, photographs 
fire engines, the machinery that saves 
lives — and he also counsels the ter- 
minally ill as a volunteer in Retreat 
Hospital's hospice program. 

In one sense Griggs' interests are 
almost diametrically opposed — one deals 
with rescuing lives, the other with 
anticipating death. In an important 
sense, however, Griggs has unified his 
two interests and integrated two different 
sides of his life. 

"Fire departments deal with human 
life and the hospice program deals with 
how people confront death. But both 
have made me aware of how precious lite 
is," Griggs said. 

As a result of extensive reading on the 
subject of death and dying and work 
with the terminally ill, Griggs has taught 
"Death, Myth and Reality" tor five years 
in VCU's Department of Philosophy and 
Religious Studies, unusual tor a business 

"Teaching this course has been \alu- 
able in working with terminally ill 
patients. The theory and practice 

though don't always jive. You do get 
emotionally involved with patients, yet 
there is always a feeling of uselessness. 
You feel you should be able to do more 
than you are able," Griggs said. 

His deep concern for suffering and 
issues of life and death actually grew out 
ot his fascination with fire engines and 
hre departments. Evidence is all around 
his office — it's lined with his framed 
photographs of hre engines from yester- 
day and today. 

"I'm fascinated by the machinery and 
organization eif tire departments, and I'm 
also interested in the evolution of fire 
apparatus," he said. 

Griggs' interest in firefighting has paid 
off. He has been appointed to an advi- 
sory position as viilunteer planner with 
the Henrico County Fire Department — a 
position that allows him to serve the 
county and establish a working relation- 
ship between VCU and the Richmond 
community. He also has been awarded a 
certificate by the Richmond Bureau of 
Fire tor his support of hre prevention 

Griggs is nearing completion ot a book 
on the Henrico County Fire Department 
entitled See You at the Big One: A History 
of the Henrico County Fire Department. 
The book explores the historical de\-el- 
opment ot the county's hre engines and 
apparatus, touching on the department's 
command structure and the operations 
and personalities ot professional hre- 

"You can learn something about the 
way cities operate and trace their growth 
by looking at fire departments," he said. 

Griggs, who hrst began to photograph 
hre equipment when he was 12, has 
between 4,000 and 5,000 photos of 
vintage, open-cab engines, and the 
modern, closed-cab variety in colors 
ranging from traditional red to the new 


lime green. Included in this collection 
are photos of every piece of fire appa- 
ratus currently owned by Richmond and 
Henrico County, from pumpers and 
hook and ladders to the "firebird," an 
extension hydraulic ladder. 

Griggs' work as a volunteer counselor 
tor the terminally ill seems to grow 
naturally out ot his tascinatii)n with hre 
rescue equipment. Having read a great 
deal about death, especially death in 
fires, he wondered how terminally ill 
patients deal with it. 

"You must somehow get across to 
terminally ill patients that there is an 
element of hope somewhere and that 
meaning may still be gained from life," 
said Griggs, a member of the first-ever 
group at Retreat Hospital to receive 
training in the hospice program. 

Though his vocation and a\'ocation 
are worlds apart, Griggs has learned a 
great deal from his two interests. 

"Firefighters are eftective communica- 
tors, and they confront issues. These are 
some ot the qualities ot a good adminis- 
trator," he said. "As a result ot working 
in the hospice program, I'm more in- 
volved in dealing with people emotion- 
ally, including colleagues. The program 
has enhanced my concern for human 

Betty Moore 

For about 20 years a wave ot renovation 
and preservation has been sweeping over 
Richmond. It has made its way in many 
parts of the city. And it has given 
Richmond a character and a turn-of-the- 
century aesthetic charm few cities can 
match. Neighborhoods like the Fan 
District and restored Church Hill, and 
commercial areas like Shockoe Slip and 
most recently the West Main Street 
area, have received face-lifts and make- 
overs — all in an attempt to preserve the 
city's architectural integrity and its 
strong connection to the past. 

Few people embody the spirit ot this 
city-wide preservation movement as fully 
as Betty Moore, associate professor ot 
nutrition and owner ot the Turner-Reed 
House, the oldest house in the restored 
Church Hill area and one of the oldest 
houses in Richmond. 

For Moiire, restoring and preserving 
her home, built by Richmond "gentle- 
man magistrate" Captain Anthony 
Turner between 1803-10, is more than a 
mere hobby or interest. It's an important 
part ot her life and, in many ways, helps 
to define her character and philosophy ot 

In the 20 years she has lived there, 
Moore, a self-confessed traditionalist, 
has become part ot the house and the 
house part of her. 

"The concept of restoring and preserv- 
ing old houses has to do with the ele- 
ments of good architecture; strength, 
utility, and joy," Moore said. 

"I have a preference for old structures 
that have these three elements because 
of their construction and design. I've 
never lived in a place that didn't meet 
these requirements. I look for these 
things in people and in myself. 

"It's a kind of philosophy. Things and 
people ought to be strong. There should 
be some usefulness in them, too. But 
they also are incomplete without joy and 

Though Moore moved into her tour- 
story large English cottage high atop 
Church Hill about the time revitaliza- 
tion in Richmond became more than an 
idea, she does not think of herself as a 
pioneer in the restoration movement. 

"I guess I'm a semi-pioneer. 1 was 
actually part of the second wave of 
restoration in Richmond. I wasn't 
opening any new frontiers but was 
joining in the restoration and preserva- 
tion movement that's been going on for 
20 years or so. It's been exciting for me." 

Much of Moore's philosophy about 
preserving her early nineteenth century 
house, a Virginia and national historic 
landmark, hinges on the idea of the 
house as a living thing, not just an 
impersonal structure. 

"A house is organic and you've got to 
work on it with that point of view. The 
process of owning and keeping a house is 
organic too. I don't know anyone who 
owns a house that doesn't continually 
work on it. Researching the original 
house and redecorating it is a never- 
ending process for me." 

In keeping with that spirit, Moore has 
worked progressively to restore her old 
home, the interior design of which was 
used as a model tor many houses in the 
Church Hill area. The present kitchen, 
originally thought to be a bedroom or 
sitting room, has received the most 
extensive make-over. It is equipped with 
raised paneled cabinet work reproduced 
from a built-in cupboard. The grey-green 
paint, very popular in the early nine- 
teenth century, was duplicated and used 
when Moore redecorated the kitchen in 

She also has restored the west patio/ 
garden, duplicating the original stone- 
work and brickwork, as well as the heart 
pine floors, some of the elaborate wood- 
work in the parlor, and the wood panels 
in the west-wing library. Moore said her 
next major project is restoring the light- 
green wallpaper and the deteriorating 
plaster in the foyer. 

Though none of the original furnish- 
ings exist today (Moore is currently 
researching the inventory of furnish- 
ings), the interior has an old-world 
charm but, at the same time, a contem- 
porary feeling. Moore has accentuated 
the original interior design with English, 
French, Italian, and sciuthern American 
antiques. In fact Moore has become 
somewhat of an expert on antique china 
and silver, as well as on woodwork. 

"The house is not a museum. It's a 
comfortable place, a wonderful house for 
living in and entertaining. It lends itself 
to hospitality, whether for two or 200 

Moore said the house has intrigued 
her ever since she moved in 21 years 
ago. "It's always been a fitting habitat for 
me. I never felt as if I didn't belong 

The house intrigues the casual visitor, 
too. Of particular interest is the brick- 
paved courtyard behind the house 
shaded by a grape arbor and secluded 
behind high brick walls and hedges. 
There, a feeling for the unhurried, 
quietly elegant way of life of a wealthy 
nineteenth century Richmond judge is 
subtle but unmistakable. 

Many of us have special relationships 
with the houses we live in. A few peo- 
ple, Betty Moore among them, become 
an extension of their houses, part of the 
history that resides in their walls and 


William Blake 

Hearing a strange noise from an luljacent 
room in his home, jimmy Blake, a I9'year' 
old defense department worker, goes to have 
a look. As Blake enters the room, he is 
attacked from behind. There's a fight. 
When the smoke clears, the assailant, an 
escaped hlazi prisoner, has been tied to a 
chair; and our hero, jimmy Blake, is 
phiming the FBI with news of the captured 
Nazi. America has once again been made 
safe from insidious enemy threats. That 
experience led Blake to dedicate himself to 
domestic freedom-fighting and to become the 
masked crusader, the Dart. 

So reads the first episode in volume 
one, number one, of The Dart, a 1942 
pro-American comic strip created hy 12- 
year-old Bill Blake — today, VCU history 
professor Dr. William Blake. 

With superheroes like Superman and 
Batman so ingrained in our popular 
culture, it's difficult to think of comic 
strips as serious or realistic or having 
important political, historical, or social 
content. But according to Blake, an 
expert on comic realism, it is precisely 
this historical and political realism that 
ushered in a whole new genre of comics 
in the early 1940s — the True Comics 

True Comics, a strip which emphasized 
history, biography, and current political 
events rather than fantasy, began in 
April 1941 as the brainchild of publisher 
George]. Hecht. Blake himself was 
captivated by True Comics at age 1 1 , 
right at the start of World War 11, and 
remained hooked until he was 17. Like 
most kids, he read fantasy comics such as 
Superman, but he was especially en- 
thralled with the real-life genre when 
Truii Comics appeared. 

"True Comics reflected the history of 
the time," Blake said. "It was part of the 
social history of the '40s. As a teenager. 
True Comics gave me a feeling that 

history wasn't merely something .so 
removed but something here and now. 

"1 felt a part of the war effort in 
December 1941. That was a strong 
appeal of True Comics, " Blake said. 

According to Blake, who has every 
issue of True Comics from 1941-47 and 
has read papers on comic book realism at 
several popular culture conventions, 
Hecht felt fantasy comics misled young 
people because kids couldn't possibly 
duplicate the heroics ot a Superman or a 
Green Hornet. Moreover, Hecht saw 
fantasy comics as degrading — they 
distorted reality for kids. 

Hecht countered comic book fantasy 
by offering a wholesome and edifying 
strip, one which gave kids of the '40s 
exemplary models of behavior. 

The first issue of True Comics had as 
its motto, "Truth is stranger and a 
thousand times more thrilling than 
fiction," and featured a strip on World 
War II hero Colin P. Kelly; a condensed 
biography of Winston Churchill; anec- 
dotal histories of Simon Bolivar, George 
Rogers Clark, and Walter Reed; and 
other examples of factual heroism and 

The strip also included editorials by 
Hecht m which he pushed his new idea 
in comics and commented on social and 
political issues of the day, especially 
America's involvement in the war and 
what youth could do to help the cause. 

In September 1941, Hecht capitalized 
on the success of True Comics (Blake said 
they sold as well as fantasy comics 
throughout the decade) and produced 
Real Heroes, a strip "not about impos- 
sible supermen but real-life heroes and 
heroines who've made history." It con- 
tained historical biographies and the 
great achievements of sports figures, war 
heroes, and statesmen. 

By 1942, according to Blake, True 
Comics and Real Heroes spawned dozens 
of imitators trying to cash in on Hecht's 
formula for historical realism. Among 
the imitators were Real Fact Comics (put 
out in 1946 by the publishers of Batman 
and Superman), Real Life Comics, It 
Really Happened, War Victory Comics 
(with a message from Franklin Delano 
Roosevelt on the back cover). War 
Heroes, True At'iation, Sports Stars, 
Science Comics, Picture Stories from the 
Bible, and even a strip entitled Chaplains 
at War. 

Blake, who is interested in historiog- 
raphy (the study ot the history ot histiiri- 

cal writing), said a knowledge of comics 
gives an added dimension to a historian. 

"While this kind of pictorial short- 
hand or series of vignettes can't touch 
the complexity of social and historical 
conditions, Hecht's comics did interest 
and captivate people, especially kids, 
and did reflect social reality. 

"There was no television in the '40s so 
comics held a great fascination for me," 
Blake said. "They offered a wider dimen- 
sion of experience, and they were enter- 
taining. At one time 1 had over 3,000 
comic books." 

Besides reading and collecting True 
Comics, Blake was also a fan of Classic 
Comics — comic book versions of literary 
works, like David Copperfield, Ivanhoe, 
and Gulliver's Travels — and he has every 
volume from 1942-50. 

"I was always interested in history 
through high school and college partly 
because of the impact of real-life comics. 
1 can't help but think that one of the 
influences that led me to become a 
historian was my interest in these comic 

Don't look for any more strips featur- 
ing The Dart, though. He gave up 
freedom-fighting and has settled into 

Jack Jeffrey 

Many of us, at one time or another in 
our childhood, cultivated a fondness for 
comic books. But by about 15 years of 
age our fascination with things adult 
began to take over, and nothing the 
Man of Steel did seemed to matter. The 
days of youth were lost forever. 

Or were they? Consider that when his 
oldest son outgrew his extensive comic 
book collection at age 16 (about 1 1 years 
ago). Dr. Jack Jeffrey, associate chair- 
man of biology, bought him out. 

That's right. In an attempt, in part at 
least, to recapture his youth and bask in 


the warm glow of nostalgia, Jeffrey took 
over his son's stock of superheroes like 
Superman, the Green Lantern, and the 
Spectre, and began to collect and trade 
comic books. 

"Collecting comic books is definitely a 
nostalgia trip tor me. It takes me back to 
the days when I was thin and my hair 
wasn't gray," Jeffrey said. 

Back in the 1940s — the golden age of 
comic books — Jeffrey, like many kids, 
avidly read and saved comics. But by the 
end of World War II, the thrill of comics 
for Jeffrey was gone. 

His interest in comics lay dormant tor 
close to 20 years until about 1966, 
when, visiting his mother, Jeffrey discov- 
ered she had burned his collection of 
some 500 comics, several worth up to 
$1,000 per issue in today's market, 
according to Jeffrey. 

Some years later Jeffrey bought out his 
son's collection "just for the fun of it" 
and began to hunt tor original comics he 
had owned in the '40s. 

"When I run across a reprint of one of 
my old comics today, I can remember 
exactly when and where 1 bought the 
original," Jeffrey said, briefly recalling 
the candy stores and luncheonettes of 
his youth. 

Today, Jeffrey is a serious collector 
with close to 10,000 comics, not count- 
ing a treasured personal collection that 
he will not sell. One comic from his 
personal collection. All Star #13 from 
1941 , traces Hitler's capture of various 
superheroes and how he shunted them to 
different planets in the solar system. 
Jeffrey said it's worth almost $400. He 
also owns All Star #3, printed in 1940 
and valued at approximately $900. 

He admits, however, that others have 
hobbies that are more tinancially reward- 
ing than his, though Jeffrey averages 
between $125 and $300 at the three or 
four comic book conventions he attends 

According to Jeffrey, people are 
interested in comics for a number of 
reasons. Some like particular charac- 
ters — the superheroes — and others, he 
says, enjoy certain authors or artists. 

"But most people are drawn to comics 
because of the story. Good and evil are 
usually clearly outlined in comics. 
They're like the old Westerns with the 
good guys in white hats and the bad guys 

in black hats. People like stories that are 
battles between good and evil," Jeffrey 

He sees his comic-book collecting as a 
hobby that provides him with a change 
of pace, a way to relax and get his mind 
off of business matters and concerns ot 
the adult world. 

He admits collecting comic books 
helps keep him young. Asked if he were, 
in some ways, just a big kid for the love 
of comic books, Jeffrey leaned back in 
his chair and said, "I never want to grow 

Charles O'Neal 

On the wall outside a sixth-floor room in 
Sanger Hall — office for Dr. Charles 
O'Neal, professor of microbiology — the 
cultural arts, science, and history come 

Tacked next to an article from Time 
on renowned biochemists Watson and 
Crick and their DNA research, a poster 
promotes VCU's 1984-85 chamber music 
series. Next to that hangs an advertise- 
ment for Richmond's annual Greek 
festival, the central figure being a repro- 
duction of the ancient Greek sculpture 
Discobidus (the Discus Thrower). 

O'Neal's wall represents a cultural 
oasis on a floor of rooms that contain 
long laboratory tables, scores of test 
tubes, and microbiology texts with 
unpronounceable titles — a floor on 
which the visitor is greeted periodically 
with signs announcing, "Radioactive 
Materials Used in this Room." It's a spot 
where science and the world outside the 
lab rub elbows, where the past, in the 
presence of the strong yet graceful discus 
thrower, may still have some impact on 
the experiments going on only a few feet 

Next to this particular place you feel 
connected to something beyond sci- 
ence — an aesthetic sensibility, perhaps. 
And you realize that there is a subtlety 

to humanity which lies beyond the 
scientific method. 

Once inside O'Neal's office, you see 
clearly that the merging of the scientific, 
the artistic, and the historical is no 
accident. The three define his character 
and point to his wide range of interests 
and holistic perspective on life. 

Almost every inch of wall space in 
O'Neal's room is covered, giving the 
impression that he works in a medieval 
history museum rather than a scientist's 
office. Four of O'Neal's own brass rub- 
bings serve as focal points: two medieval 
knights, a beautiful woman m a bro- 
caded dress, and, most striking of all, a 
haunting skeleton representing the black 
death in the early fifteenth century. 

Vying for space on the walls and 
bookcases are medieval art calendars, 
photographs of English and French 
castles and cathedrals, and several prints 
portraying medieval alchemists and 
scientists. On top of one of O'Neal's 
bookcases sits a reproduction of a paint- 
ing of St. Francis of Assist. 

"A sense of history is missing in this 
country," O'Neal said. "Richmond 
history goes back 200 to 300 years. But 
there's no earlier history here. In En- 
gland every town has Roman founda- 
tions. You're overwhelmed by history 
there — surrounded by it." 

O'Neal's interest in brass rubbings, 
English history, and things medieval 
began at Cambridge University in 1971- 
72 when he was a visiting scientist in 
the Laboratory of Molecular Biology. 

After consulting a book for adventur- 
ous tourists entitled What to do after 
you've seen the Tower of London, O'Neal 
began taking weekend expeditions to 
small parish churches in the countryside 
outside Cambridge. The point of the 
trips was to hunt for tombs with effigies 
of notable medieval knights and priests 
mounted in brass inside the stonework. 
It is this effigy that is rubbed onto paper 
to form the brass rubbing. 

O'Neal explained that the medieval 
art form of the brass tomb flourished 
from about 1260-1660. "The Puritans 
destroyed almost all of the 100,000 brass 
tombs in England," O'Neal said. 

"Only about 4,000 survive today. 
Finding the old churches and making 
the brass rubbings is a favorite tourist 
activity of Americans in England." 

O'Neal's years at Cambridge and 
fascination with brass rubbings (he has 


200) led him to an interest in mega- 
liths — huge stone ruins like Stone- 
henge — and Roman ruins of Northern 
Europe, cathedrals t)t England and 
France, and great houses ot Europe. He 
has given talks on all of these subjects 
for university lecture series and other 
school, civic, and church events. 

O'Neal's deep respect for the past and 
what it can teach us influence his per- 
spective on science and his role as a 
science teacher. His role as a citizen in 
the community also has an impact on his 
professional life. He is president of the 
Richmond Chamber Players, a local 
chamber music group, a vocalist in the 
Richmond Symphony Chorus, and a 
member of CAFUR, a University of 
Richmond choral group, as well as the 
River Road Choir. 

"Contemporary science is a product of 
its past. Among young science students 
today, there is less comprehension ot the 
history of science than ever before. It we 
don't learn from history, however, we'll 
suffer from it or be forced to relive it." 

O'Neal continued: "There's not 
enough peripheral reading in the science 
classroom, the sort of reading that makes 
connections between science and the 
community. There should be more 
reading both of the history of science 
and the history of culture. Science 
cannot be divorced from culture." 

The wall outside O'Neal's office attests 
to this belief. 

Josie Crosby 

On the 15th floor of MCV West Hospi- 
tal many nurses minister to the body. 
Only one, josie Crosby, ministers to the 
soul as well. 

Crosby, a 2 5 -year veteran ot the MCV 
Hospitals nursing staff and a graduate of 
the school's licensed practical nurse 
program, is also an ordained minister 
and pastor o( the 1 5-member Lee's 

Chapel African Methodist Episcopal 
(AME) Zion Church in Chesterfield 

For many oi us, science and religion 
are two aspects ot life that rarely, if ever, 
come together. In some public arenas 
they seem bitter enemies, separated by a 
wide gulf of controversy. On a personal 
level, few people manage to bring to- 
gether the seen and unseen, the scien- 
tific and spiritual. 

But since attending the seminary at 
Virginia Union University and being 
ordained as deacon in 1978 and an elder 
in 1980, Crosby has been trying to 
achieve that unification. If her convic- 
tion and sense of purpose are any 
measure, she has succeeded 

"You use the same techniques when 
you minister to the body and the soul," 
Crosby said. 

"The relationship is so great that 
sometimes 1 don't know where one 
begins and the other ends. Medicine 
allows you to minister to the body, and 
the spirit within you allows you to 
minister to the souls of people. You're 
meeting a need either way." 

With a foot in both the medical and 
religious communities, Crosby has a 
deep respect for each. In fact, she sees 
no conflict or pressure in having to 
function in two very different worlds. 

"There is a place for doctors and a 
place for ministers. I'm not crazy enough 
to believe that the spirit is all. Doctors 
share their God-given knowledge. But 
healing also must come from the spirit." 

During her nightly rounds (she works 
1 1 pm to 7 am, leaving days free for her 
duties as pastor), Crosby is sometimes 
called on by the nursing staff to talk to 
patients who need more than medical 
help. At those times, the two sides of 
her life merge. 

"The approach to ministering in 
hospitals and in church is different. You 
have to weigh the setting and the per- 
son. In the hospital, you have to reaffirm 
what the doctor is doing, but you can't 
raise false hopes. You try to say that 
there is some hope, however. 

"Sometimes people just want you to 
listen to them, especially some of those 
in the hospital who don't have other 
people to talk to. I feel this is a chance 
to tell them that God loves them and to 
give them some tender loving care." 

When she's not caring for patients at 
MCVH or leading her congregation at 
Lee's Chapel Church, Crosby is most 
likely singing gospel music, though she 
does less ot it today than in the past. 

When she was about ten years old, 
she was part of the well-known Baby 
Choir at her home church, Hood Tem- 
ple Church at Adams and Clay Streets 
in Richmond. The choir, which traveled 
throughout Virginia, was the only one of 
its kind in the state. Crosby continued 
to sing at Hood until she became a 
pastor three years ago. 

"Gospel music plays an integral part 
in the church setting. But the worship 
service is the predominant thing. The 
preached word is what we're there for. 
Music is important; but when the music 
becomes entertainment, then we lose 
sight of our purpose for being there. 
Music should not override the preached 
word. That's what church is all about." 

In her 25 years at MCVH (15 in the 
Nelson Clinical Center and eight in 
E. G. Williams' tuberculosis sanato- 
rium), Crosby has developed a special 
fondness for the MCV Campus. 

"I've always worked on this campus. It 
has reared my children and educated 
them," she said. Six years ago, Crosby 
and her five children all either worked in 
the hospitals or attended medical classes. 

"1 have an attachment to this school. 
At one point, I wanted to leave; but 
there was something special that kept 
me here, despite the campus' ups and 
downs. I have enjoyed an understanding 
of my needs and my ministry from the 
people here." 

When she retires a year from now, 
Crosby plans to fulfill a long-time dream 
by traveling to Africa. 

"My purpose in going to Africa is two- 
fold. 1 will be on a church mission, but 1 
will also be working in hospitals there. 
The need is so apparent in Africa." 

Early in our conversation, Crosby said 
she was sent to Lee's Chapel AME Zion 
Church to keep its congregation from 
splitting apart. It is clear why she was 
chosen. Crosby has spent much of her 
life healing physical wounds, so it 
seemed only natural that she began to 
heal spiritual ones.O 

Robert Goldblum is instrucwr in English at 
the university and an editor at Petersburg 

Photography by Chip Mitchell. 



uses, bicycles, and 
a billion people." 
That's how Dr. 
R. B. Young, 
associate dean of 
continuing medi- 
cal education and 
professor of pediat- 
rics, sums up his 
first impression of the People's Republic 
of China. 

Young served as medical education 
coordinator for a group of 25 physicians 
and their families from across the United 
States who visited six Chinese cities last 
June. The two-week trip was part of a 
new international study-abroad program 
offered through the Office of Continumg 
Medical Education (CME) in VCU's 
School of Medicine. 

The China tour was designed for 
American and Chinese physicians to 
meet in medical schools, hospitals, and 
outlying clinics to exchange ideas and 
discuss problems, treatments, and pro- 
gress in health care. Since approximately 
25 Chinese cities are now open to 
foreign visitors, the CME group was 
allowed not only to tour medical schools 
and hospitals but also to experience a 
people that, at 1.1 billion, constitutes 
one-fifth of the world's population. 

"It was clear throughout our tour that 
the Chinese government wants the 
world to look on China's new policies 
and progress favorably," Young said. 
Following the Cultural Revolution, 
which lasted from 1966-76, China has 
embarked on an ambitious moderniza- 
tion plan to catch up with the rest of the 
world on many levels, including health 
care, he noted. 

Sometimes the group felt their expo- 
sure to the Chinese health care system 
was orchestrated by the government to 
display only the best and most advanced 
areas. Young recalled one highly-staged 

visit to a small hospital in the 18,000- 
member July First Commune on the 
outskirts of Shanghai. The group saw a 
demonstration of acupuncture and 
herbal treatments that seemed akin to a 
tourist attraction, affording little oppor- 
tunity to learn about the practices in 

Apart from this experience, Young felt 
the CME group had a good introduction 
to the status of health care in China 
today. "With the help of the English- 
speaking Chinese physicians who met 
with us, we developed a good dialogue 
concerning medical practices in China 
and America. *? 

"The Chinese were thirsty for knowl- 
edge, and we were intrigued by their 
problems and practices," Young said. "In 
certain areas, the Chinese have 
achieved impressive medical advances in 
recent years, such as major reductions in 
venereal disease and drug abuse, as well 
as a high rate of immunization in 

Young was particularly interested to 
learn how the Chinese have blended 
traditional Chinese medicine with 
modern Western practices. Medical 
schools and hospitals rely on Western 
practices more than ever before, but 
each facility also has retained a depart- 
ment of Traditional Chinese Medicine 
with a hospital ward assigned to the 
traditional physicians. There also are 
more than 150 traditional Chinese 
medicine hospitals with staif that include 
physicians trained in Western methods. 
Acupuncture and herbal medicine were 
used in all the clinics and hospitals the 
group visited. 

"Health care seems to be divided 
about equally between the two disci- 
plines in the cities, while traditional 
Chinese physicians and the so-called 
'barefoot doctors' serve rural areas," 
Young explained. 

Illustration by Scott Wright. 


"We often think only of acupuncture 
when someone mentions Chinese medi- 
cine. But sometimes we forget that 
Chinese medicine is actually a complex 
health care system carefully developed 
over 2,000 years and still thriving 

Young cites Dr. Ted J. Kaptchuk, 
author of The Web That Has No Weaver: 
Understanding Chinese Medicine, who 
believes that though Chinese medicine 
cannot be considered a true science, 
many of its principles are founded on the 
scientific method. 

"Some ot the practices we witnessed 
seemed unduly mystical, but some of 
them made very good sense," Young 
said. "The fundamental scientific ap- 
proach in Chinese medicine is combined 
with 'artistic sensitivity' to the total 
needs of the patient, taking into account 
such factors as family, associates, the 
environment, and the emotional status 
of the patient. 

"Kaptchuk and others who have 
studied traditional Chinese medicine 
recognize that, as a total system, it relies 
on the concept of long-term observation 
of physical phenomena and is guided by 
rational, logically consistent, communi- 
cable thought processes." 

Young said that modern medicine is 
practiced most often when major organic 
problems exist (such as tumors), when 
serious acute infection is present, or 
when major surgery is needed. Tradi- 
tional medicine prevails when there is a 
strong psychosomatic component to the 
illness, such as stress-induced symptoms, 
and in minor self-limiting illnesses like 
the common cold, minor trauma (in- 
cluding fractures), and chronic ailments 
where herbal therapy has proved 

The group also learned that tradi- 
tional medicine is still the preferred 
method of treatment among many 
Chinese today. Acupuncture is fre- 
quently used for anesthesia in minor 
surgery and, in selected cases, during 
major surgery; modern physicians seem 
willing to return their patients to tradi- 
tional Chinese medicine wards and 
clinics for rehabilitative therapy and for 
long-term, follow-up care. 

In the Beijing Children's Hospital, 
Young observed a three-year-old boy 
with post-encephalitic mental retarda- 
tion and a speech defect being treated by 
the insertion of acupuncture needles in 
his ear lobes. At the Xian First Medical 

College Hospital, the group saw a post- 
stroke adult in a traditional medicine 
ward undergoing a similar treatment. 
Believing the body has meridians or 
zones that, when pierced with needles, 
trigger responses in corresponding por- 
tions of the brain, acupuncturists use the 
treatment to restore function of affected 
areas and often as an anesthetic. With 
the young boy and the adult, the physi- 
cians were trying to help them regain 
their previous level ot motor control and 
normal speech patterns. 

Young said theories supporting the 
efficacy of acupuncture do not resemble 
the current Western understanding of 
nerve cells in the brain and their con- 
nection to bodily functions. "Acupunc- 
ture remains a mystery to me, and I'm 
still not clear on what they were trying 
to accomplish. But who's to say the 
method can't work as rehabilitation 
when the Chinese have been at it for 
2,000 years. And I do think it is quite 
clear that acupuncture can be effective 
as a local anesthetic." 

While Chinese physicians are trained 
in either traditional or modern medi- 
cine, a considerable amount of cross- 
training exists. "Interestingly," said 
Young, "traditional Chinese physicians, 
like their modern counterparts, may 
specialize, studying either external or 
internal medicine. 

"The 'internist' relies heavily on 
herbal concoctions, dietary adjustments, 
and psychosomatic approaches to an 
illness. The 'externist' seems a combina- 
tion of orthopedic surgeon, chiropractor, 
and physical therapist. Some tradi- 
tional physicians specialize only in 

Formerly, Chinese physicians relied 
exclusively on medical training abroad if 
they desired to practice Western medi- 
cine. But China now trains most of its 
own modern physicians, with the excep- 
tion of certain specialty areas. By West- 
ern standards, China's modern physi- 
cians and other medical professionals are 
poorly paid, earning an average salary of 
100-200 yen (about $50-$100) per 
month. Most travel by bus or bicycle, 
but a select few are allowed to own 
Mopeds. The average laborer in China 
today earns nearly the same as the 
medical professional: about 40-1 10 yen 
($20-$50) per month. "Fortunately, food 
and housing are relatively cheap for 
China's citizens," said Young. Health 
care in China also is a bargain, with the 

average Chinese citizen paying 1.5 yen 
(about 75 cents) for annual health care 

It is in the area of job-related incen- 
tives that China has made the greatest 
steps toward economic improvement, 
according to Young. He saw the practice 
ot free-market incentives granted to 
farmers and entrepreneurs who are 
allowed to pursue their own private 
enterprise after meeting assigned produc- 
tion quotas. Entrepreneurs pay a com- 
paratively low tax (5-10 percent) to the 
government; and each farmer has been 
allotted 50 square meters of land per 
family member for private use, on which 
the family may grow crops for profit. 
Even though only about 1 1 percent of 
China's land is tillable. Young said this 
incentive has been effective in dramati- 
cally increasing China's agricultural 
productivity. "This approach is a major 
reason why China is very ckise to sup- 
plying almost all ot its agricultural needs, 
noteworthy since, though China's land 
mass is only slightly larger than the 
U.S., its population is more than four 
times greater." 

Medical professionals, like other 
workers in China, have only recently 
begun to enjoy increased freedoms since 
the Cultural Revolution. "During those 
years, many of China's medical profes- 
sionals were sent to the fields to work as 
laborers. Some were lucky and allowed 
to remain in hospitals where they 
worked for extended periods as orderlies 
and nurses." But Young also saw that the 
government still exercises control over a 
physician's career and place of practice. 
While talking with a physician in 
Shanghai, Young learned that the 
physician's wife, also a doctor, has been 
stationed by the government in another 
hospital almost 1,000 miles away. How- 
ever, in contrast to the time of the 
Cultural Revolution, the physician felt 
he enjoyed considerable prestige because 
of his profession. 

"There are vestiges of the old regime, 
but the Chinese also are aggressively 
revamping some ot the old ways," said 
Young. "I believe the U.S. can and 
should play a strong role in helping 
China's development in health care." 

Though agricultural progress has been 
good. Young saw that a lack ot supplies 
and modern technology has impeded 
China's advancement in medicine. "In 
the case of antibiotics, for example, 
modern physicians can obtain the well 


estahlislied dru^s but liave tnuihle 
gettinf^ the nevv-f^encratiiin antibiotics 
when routine medication is ineffective." 

The CME group found China's re- 
stricted situation most pronounced in 
Beijing. The group ttnired the New 
Capitol Hospital and Medical School in 
addition to the Beijing Children's Hospi- 
tal, two ot the most medically sophisti- 
cated hospitals in the country. Foreign 
diplomats and visitiirs receive care in a 
special wing of Capitol Hospital. The 
medical school accepts only an elite 
group of 30 or 35 students a year to be 
trained as the medical teachers and 
leaders of China. It also is the only 
school with an eight-year curriculum; 
other medical schools require five or six 
years of training after high school. 

"But even in the Beijing hospitals, the 
ward facilities looked as it they came 
straight out of the '50s in America," 
Young said. "They weren't primitive by 
any means. They were clean, neat, and 
highly functional. But the facilities just 
didn't look like our modern hospitals. 
Even the intensive care units had equip- 
ment that was typical of what was used 
in the U.S. 15 to 20 years ago." 

However slow the progress, Chinese 
physicians can begin to boast about their 
own innovations in medical care. At 
Shanghai First Medical School, the 
CME group felt the pride of Chmese 
physicians who demonstrated their first 
insertion of a heart pacemaker devel- 
oped and manufactured in China. They 
saw a cardiac patient who was being 
treated with a new anti-arrhythmia drug 
also developed in China. And they were 
told about a new male contraceptive 
substance extracted from cotton seed oil 
that had been discovered at the medical 
school and is now being tested in other 
parts of the world. 

Young found especially fascinating the 
cooperative efforts between traditional 
and modern physicians. Young believed 
the CME group got the best look at the 
combined forces ot both approaches at 
the Xian First Medical School, where 
physicians presented the impressive 
results of a major detective effort to 
solve a health problem. They had long 
been puzzled by an unusual cardiomy- 
opathy (damaged heart muscle) known 
as Keshan's Disease, with a devastating 
mortality rate ot 86 percent in certain 
regions. Using epidemiological studies, 
physicians found that the disease was 
prevalent where people depended on 

soybeans as the primary source of pro- 
tein. They then discovered that this 
condition resulted from a deficiency of 
selenium, a mineral abundant in wheat 
and other grains but lacking in soybeans. 
After the modern studies revealed the 
source ot the malady, the physicians 
took the traditional approach ot dietary 
adjustment. Selenium diet supplements 
in the endemic areas greatly reduced the 
incidence of the cardiomyopathy. 

Because the study tour was set up as 
an information exchange, the American 
physicians also made presentations to 
the Chinese, and each American was 
encouraged to give a brief demiinstration 
during the trip. Young, a pediatric 
endocrinologist, demonstrated a new 
technique of home glucose monitoring tor 
diabetics, using a drop of blood obtained 
from a finger prick. In Hangzhou, a 
Chinese surgeon volunteered for Young's 
demonstration ot the technique. Young 
tested the surgeon's blood and discov- 
ered that his blood sugar was three times 
the normal level. After the demonstra- 
tion. Young advised the surgeon that 
there was a good chance he had diabetes 
and that he should have some follow-up 

"The Chinese physicians were eager to 
learn about medical therapies and 
diagnostic techniques being used in 
America," Young said. "Despite some of 
the control over the tour, the atmo- 
sphere was open and friendly enough for 
us to get a good sense of how the two 
countries compare in health care today. 
By the end of the trip, we were begin- 
ning to teel very much like goodwill 
ambassadors." Young left China with the 
lasting impression that the Chinese 
people's access to primary medical care 
was good and that they had established a 
reasonably effective regional referral 
system for the more complex and diffi- 
cult medical problems. 

Young said keeping physicians updated 
on new methtids of diagnosis and treat- 
ment is merely a continuation ot the 
university's mission and the major role of 
the Office of Continuing Medical Educa- 
tion. "Medical education comes in all 
forms. As tor study tours like our trip to 
China, medical education begins when 
medical school is completed." S 

Mtitencil jor this article was contributed by 
Dr. R. B. Young and Susan Green, an 
information officer in the Office of Informa- 
tion Services. 

In 1984 the Office of Continuing Medi- 
cal Education organized a total of five 
medical education study tours to China, 
led by members of the medical school 
faculty. Similar China tours already have 
been scheduled for 1985, including a 
special 17-day tour for medical alumini 
next September. Departing from Hong 
Kong, participants will visit medical 
facilities in the cities of Guilin, 
Hangzhou, Shanghai, Xian, and Beijing. 

In addition to international study 
tours, the CME office coordinates medi- 
cal faculty participation in monthly 
medical staff' programs for physicans in 
the more than 35 affiliated community 
hospitals throughout Virginia. Through 
these programs, faculty make contact 
with more than 5,000 community 
physicians each year. As an added 
benefit of these CME outreach programs, 
faculty members can obtain a greater 
appreciation of the current needs and 
capabilities of physicians practicing in 
community hospitals. Through such 
awareness, faculty are able to design a 
more realistic curriculum for medical 

Each year the office also sponsors more 
than 20 major medical conferences in 
Virginia for more than 4,000 physicians 
from Virginia and neighboring states. 
Young explained that continuing medi- 
cal education programs help establish 
and enhance professional relationships 
between community physicians and the 
medical faculty. Participants may qualify 
for Category 1 continuing medical 
education credits in programs specifically 
designed to meet well-defined educa- 
tional needs for practicing physicians, 
and CME serves as the major provider of 
Category 1 programs in Virginia. 

Currently major emphasis is being 
placed on individually tailored clinical 
refresher courses and small group work- 
shops on the MCV Campus, which will 
provide hands-on experience for commu- 
nity physicians in a variety of clinical 
areas. As Young emphasized, the major 
goal of CME is to help physicians main- 
tain and extend their professional com- 
petencies. Continuing medical educa- 
tion has become increasingly crucial in 
an era of rapid expansion of medical 
knowledge and frequent changes in 
acceptable medical practices. 





By Deborah Sloan 

6 am 

Geoffrey D. Sloan, 32, arrives at MCV 
Hospitals before daylight. A muscular, 
medium-sized man, his movements are 
rapid and precise as he makes his way 
through the lobby to the elevators and 
rides to the sixth floor. He strides down 
the hall to the men's locker room, 
looking to save time by changing into 
surgical "greens" before beginning his 
duties on the ninth-floor gynecology 
ward. This Tuesday morning, one of his 
two patients will undergo an operation 
at 7:30 am. Sloan must accomplish 
much in a very short time. 

As he steps from the elevator into the 
bright, ninth-floor corridor, he spots his 
patient, Mrs. C, on a gurney accompa- 
nied by an orderly. 

"Hi, Mrs. C! I'll see you downstairs," 
he says to the middle-aged woman who 
waves in response. Sloan shakes his head 
at missing her preparation for surgery; he 
expected it to begin later. 

Sloan hurries down the corridor to a 
small anonymous room filled with study 
cubicles, lockers, and a counter com- 
plete with microscope and assorted 
slides. He stows his brown-bag lunch in 
a small refrigerator in one corner, his 
coat in a locker, and heads back to the 
empty white hallway, striding around a 
corner to the nurses' station. He is 

looking for the charts on his patients, 
"to see it they spiked any fevers last 

One chart is missing, and he turns to 
a computer terminal, types in the re- 
quest, and reads the record from the 
screen. Both patients are "stable," he 
announces blandly; doctors-to-be must 
work at being noncommital. 

6:30 am 

Sloan, up and out of the station in a 
fluid movement, takes a few steps down 
the hall and into his other patient's 
room. He is in a hurry: a regularly 
scheduled conference with his supervisor 
begins in just half an hour, and he must 
attend to Mrs. M, find the missing 
chart, and study a bit, too. 

"Hello, it's show time!" 

Mrs. M, unaware of his haste, greets 
him warmly in her small, private room. 
Admitted with what was thought to be 
an abcess, she surprised her doctors. It 
was, instead, a large, malignant tumor, 
the cancer reaching to the bone. Sloan 
will cleanse the site and rebandage it. 
He has forgotten the vinegar solution, 
however, and slips down the hall, staring 
at the bottle on his return to the room. 

"On no! I'm doomed — it's a child- 
proof cap." Mrs. M is delighted, and 
they chat easily as Sloan bends over her. 
He finishes quickly, promises to check 
on her when he is through with surgery. 

and heads back toward the nurses' 

The room teems with students now, 
reviewing charts and chatting with each 
other. Sloan asks about his missing 
chart, and someone suggests checking 
the conference room down the hall. He 
pivots out the door and is back in a 
moment, chart in hand. 

"There it was, like an abandoned 
child." He grins, then grabs a seat and 
reviews the chart, making notes in 
preparation for his conference. 

6:53 am 

Sloan checks the time and says, to no 
one in particular, "Where's Lily? We run 
around like chickens with our heads cut 
off waiting for someone to tell us what 
to do." 

Lily, or more properly, Dr. Vischer, is 
his supervisor and a fourth-year resident 
(four years beyond a medical degree). 
One of her responsibilities is overseeing 
the third- and fourth-year students. The 
conference at 7 am cannot begin with- 
out her, and Sloan is annoyed that he is 
ready and she is not. He makes use of 
the time by slipping out and back down 
the hall to his brown bag from which he 
retrieves a granola bar and a container of 

"1 can't eat enough this early in the 
morning, and I'm losing weight," he 
says. Third-year is the first year medical 



students actually spend in the hospital, 
and the hours begin early and end late. 

By the time Sloan reappears at the 
nurses' station, Vischer has arrived. The 
students follow her down another corri- 
dor to a conference room, which is small 
and crowded with desks. The students 
arrange themselves and their coffee in a 
circle around Vischer. Sloan is allowed 
to begin, and Vischer quizzes him about 
both Mrs. C and Mrs. M, their diagno- 
ses, and his plans for their care. At 7:25 
she excuses him, and he races to the 
elevators but gives up and runs down 
four flights to the operating rooms on 
the fifth floor. 

The operating room is crowded with 
doctors, medical students, and nurses, 
all in surgical green with hats, masks, 
and booties to match. "Greensickles," 
Sloan calls them. The patient is put to 
sleep by the nurse anesthetist and is 
layered with green sheets until only the 
wound site, scrubbed with iodine, is 
visible. Even her head is behind a green 
"tent," and Sloan, along with a fourth- 
year student, a scrub nurse, and two 
attending physicians, group themselves 
around the two-by-eight-inch strip of 
flesh. There are four other nurses in the 
room; the anesthesiologist, supervising 
two operations at once, slips in and out 
every few minutes. 

Digital beeps sound the patient's 
heartbeat, the only reminder in the 
white silence that a person lies beneath 
the green. Instruments clank faintly, 
accompanying the beeps, until a nurse 
plays a cassette. 

"Wagner? So early in the morning.'" 
asks one of the doctors. 

"It keeps me awake." 

The scrub nurse tosses used red gauze 
with deadly accuracy into a container on 
the floor. Skin, fat, and muscle have 
been peeled away revealing the pelvic 
sidewall and the suspected tumor. A 
piece of the tumor is excised and sent to 
pathology. The telephone response is 
quick: malignant. 

Dr. Dean Goplerud, the physician in 
charge, opts for a little-used radiation 
treatment and calls in a specialist to 
implant "seeds" of Iodine 125, a lengthy 
procedure. The students, doctors, and 
nurses take a break, milling about the 
room, chatting quietly. 

10:13 am 

The tiny seeds planted, their work is 
done, and Goplerud directs the others to 
close. Dr. John Wheelock, second in 
this hierarchy and senior to the two 
students, begins stitching the wound — 
his hand under the muscle layer — as one 
might stitch a quilt. 

10:45 am 

Sloan completes the bandaging; it is <.)ne 
of his tew contributions. A Geiger 
counter has been brought into the room: 
an iodine seed is missing and even the 
patient must wait until it is located. 
By 11:10, Mrs. C is awake in the 
reciivery room, with Sloan and 

Wheelock nearby. Sloan's task is to 
write notes on the operation and 
Wheelock approves them. Sloan pleases 
them both by making no major mistakes. 

11:15 am 

Back in civilian clothes and waiting by 
the elevators, he greets Rob Mauthe, a 
fellow third-year student. Mauthe asks 
Sloan to attend his operation for him; he 
has a conference that conflicts. The 
operation looks to be exciting and Sloan 
readily agrees. Time is short, however; 
and if he wants to eat lunch, he must 
hurry. Like a quick-change artist, he is 
in and out of the locker room in sec- 
onds, once again in surgical green. The 
elevator is convenient this time, and the 
ride to the ninth floor is gut-lurchingly 
quick. He eats his sandwich and milk in 
record time. 

11:30 am 

Back in the same operating room, Sloan 
is scrubbed and gowned and laughing at 
his elders. 

"You've got your mask on backwards, 
good buddy. You fourth-year students 
forget how to do it," he says gleefully to 
the retreating back. 

The patient, again reduced to a 
narrow strip of flesh, is surrounded by 
the similarly anonymous group of five. 

"How many lap pads did you use?" a 
nurse calls out. "Just one? Don't particu- 
larly want to be short a lap pad. That 
can really set your day oft." Careful 
counts by the nurses ensure nothing is 
left inside the patient. 

12:44 pm 

Wheelock lifts the left ovary from the 
cavity. Normally the size of an almond, 
this one dangling from the instrument is 
the size of a child's fist. Vischer is hon- 
ored with it and, minus a small chunk 
sent to pathology, slices it open. She 
shows it to the five, and they nod and 
comment on its yellow color for a mo- 
ment before getting back to work. 
Pathology rules it benign. 

1:33 pm 

The other ovary remt)ved, Goplerud 
announces closing. Wheelock allows 


Sloan to staple closed the final skin layer 
and the instrument looks and works 
much like any stapler. Wheelock holds 
the edges of skin together while Sloan 
staples. They reach the end with too 
much left on one side and must hack up 
and redo the incision, easing the longer 
side into the shorter one. 

Mauthe returns from his conference, 
and Sloan hriets him on what has hap- 
pened. They marvel over the removed 
ovaries, finding magic in size and color. 
Sloan agrees to take over Mauthe's 
mundane chore of writing ncites, smce 
he actually witnessed the operation, and 
leaves with the patient tot the tecovery 

2:12 pm 

Sloan, once again wearing his husiness 
slacks and shirt with mandatory white 
coat, reviews and updates charts on his 
patients in the ninth-floor nurses' sta- 
tion. He glances at his watch and real- 
izes there is not much time hefore Mrs. 
M will he put to sleep tor her chemo- 
therapy treatment. He finishes his notes 
quickly and heads for Mrs. M's room. 

"You'll he here in the morning?" she 
asks when he arrives. 

"Oh yeah." Where else' 

"I'm getting so dependent on you. 1 
don't want anyone else." 

They talk ot training her hushand to 
take care ot her so that she may go 
home. Chemotherapy and radiation will 
simply make her more comfortable — 
they will not prolong her life — and 
Sloan understands her not wanting to 
stay longer than necessary. 

He leaves shortly after, assuring her 
that he will check into it. Back to his 
patients' charts, Sloan records the 
bandage change and makes notes on 
pocket-sized cards, preparing for rounds 
later with Goplerud. Homebase to the 
students, the nurses' station is a large 
white room divided in half by a 
L-shaped, kelly-green counter. Several 
computer terminals are lined up, as well 
as a rotating wire rack of charts, which 
seems constantly in motion. Two study 
cubicles crowd one corner and are 
crowned by a plant wilting in the 
flourescent glare. A refrigerator, off to 
one side, is marked "Frozen Meds — No 
Food." Students and nurses interact, 
trading notes and information. 

2:42 pm 

Sloan hears that Mrs. C is hack upstairs 
from the recovery room and leaves his 


studying to give her a post-operative 
checkup. His pace down the corridor 
matches this morning's, and he is brisk 
as he enters her room. Her husband, 
concerned and embarrassed, asks him a 
few questions. Sloan answers briefly and 
turns to Mrs. C, asking her to turn so 
that he may listen to her heart and 

Dr. James Elmer, an intern (first year 
beyond a medical degree), enters the 
foom with a breath-measuring device. 
He explains that patients who have 
undergone pelvic surgery have trouble 
breathing deeply, which can be harmful. 
The device is designed to measure and 
provide bench marks for lung capacity. 

Elmer and Sloan retreat to the 
hallway and discuss Mrs. C's operation. 
The conversation digresses to a discus- 
sion of bowels, and Elmer mimics a 
surgeon-instructor he worked under in 
medical school. 

"I don't want just a clean bowel, I 
want a PRISTINE bowel." Sloan and 
Elmer chuckle appreciatively, sharing 
eccentricities ot surgeons they have 
known. The conversation does not last 
long, however. Both of them have work 
to do, and Sloan heads back to the 
nurses' station to study. 

3:43 pm 

Vischer ends Sloan's study by requesting 
that he assemble all the students for 
rounds with Goplerud. Soon the nurses' 
station fills with students, interns, and 
residents. The conversation is about 
"orals," question-and-answer examina- 
tions given to students during the final 
week of their current rotation, this one 
being obstetrics and gynecology. Sloan 
will take his on Thursday and quizzes 
those who have finished. He moves on 
to psychiatry next week, but that might 
as well be next year with the hurdle ot 
orals facing him. 

When all are assembled, the group 
moves down the hall to Goplerud's 
office. Elmer stops them midway with 
raised hands and a wide grin. 

"Do you all know your patients cold.'" 
Mauthe answers that he doesn't. 

"Know them cold, quickly!" 

Goplerud leads them in and out of 
patients' rooms, grilling individual 
students in the hall outside. 

"What are your plans for this pa- 
tient?" he asks, and more than one 


student stutters a reply. He is kind to 
them this afternoon, however, merely 
nodding at most responses. Sloan must 
tell him that he does not know exactly 
how much radiation Mrs. M is receiving 
and feels blessed when Goplerud admits 
to not knowing either. Not all of his 
instructors are as easygoing. 

5:04 pm 

The students are told they may go home. 
The doctors are making an effort to let 
them go early since it is orals week. 
Sloan takes full advantage and in five 
minutes hurries through the lobby and 
into the afternoon rain. He exults o\'er 
his performance at rounds and talks 
excitedly about the two operations in 
which he assisted. Dinner at home with 
his wife is more cause for celebration. 

Maybe even some television, he muses, 
before hitting the books. After seven 
years already invested in his career, he 
faces one more year of medical school 
and five years' residency to reach his goal 
of anesthesiology. He enjoys each day. 

Geoff Sloan has wanted to be a doctor 
all his life — well, almost. When he was 
five years old, he wanted to be Super- 
man. 1 remember — as his younger 
sister — it was my jtib to pin on the 
cape. CS 

Deborah Sloan graduated u'lth a bachelor's 
degree in mass commiinicauons kist August. 
Her article originally appeared in Paparazzi. 

Photi)gaphs courtesy oj jack Habersiroh, 
associate professor of advertising at the 

Twenty-three students were skeptical last 
January when their instructor, Jack 
Haberstroh, associate professor of adver- 
tising, challenged them to produce and 
finance their own magazine for their 
spring mass communications class. But 
the following May, 10,000 copies of 
Paparazzi — a 36-page, full-color maga- 
zine — rolled off the presses. 

Haberstroh reports that of the 
$12,000 the students sold in advertising, 
the magazine consumed approximately 
$10,000 in production and printing. The 
students donated the profit to the 
Ronald McDonald House located in 
West End Richmond, a residence for 
out-of-town families of pediatric and 
adolescent cancer patients at MCV 

The students were assembled, not as a 
class, but as a business with their own 
bank account and budget. They had to 
divide responsibilities among them- 
selves, including advertising, account- 
ing, writing and editing, photography, 
art, and production. 

One of the first decisions they made 
; was to trim their vision of a 56-page 
publication to 36 pages but opt for a 
high-quality glossy paper and a full-color 
cover. In fact, high quality became the 
watchword for the students. According 
to Haberstroh, they learned to develop 
not only specific skills in advertising, 
budgeting, and production, but also the 
intangible talent of professionalism to 
sustain their own standards. They had 
some doors slammed in their faces when 
they first began to hunt for sponsors. But 
by adopting a sense of purpose going 
beyond the need for class credit, they 
accomplished their goal. 

Haberstroh admits it was the most 
difficult of the three magazine class 
ptojects he has directed so far because of 
the students' standards. He says it was 
also the most rewarding, and he is as 
proud of the result as the magazine's 




Scanning career alumni 

The Office of Career Planning 
and Placement recently re- 
ceived a state grant to involve 
VCU alumni in the career plan- 
ning efforts of currently enrolled 
students. According to Jean Yer- 
ion, director, the office's goal is 
to establish a nationv^^ide 
network of alumni willing to help 
students and other alumni with 
career planning. The result is 
RamSCAN, the Student Career 
Advisory Network, Some Rich- 
mond area alumni have already 
porticipated with freshmen stu- 
dents through the new program. 

Students, as well as those 
alumni considering a career 
change or planning to relocate, 
are matched with alumni al- 
ready established in various ca- 
reers or settled in other geo- 
graphic locations, "For 
example," says Yerion, "a 1979 
education graduate considering 
a change from teaching to per- 
sonnel training and development 
could use RamSCAN to locate 
an alumnus already working as 
a trainer, who would then be 
able to give a practical picture 
of what such a switch might 

Participating alumni determine 
the extent of their own involve- 
ment, which is carefully moni- 
tored by career planning and 
placement staff. Some alumni 
prefer they only be contacted at 
home, others only at the office. 
And many alumni have ex- 
pressed their willingness to speck 
to small groups and classes 
about their jobs, in addition to 
individual contact. 

SCHEV notes 

During the fall meeting of the 
State Council of Higher Educa- 
tion for Virginia (SCHEV). the 
council took action on its fall 
agenda, which included deci- 
sions on various state university 
institutional requests. For VCU. 
SCHEV authorized the Master of 
Social Work to be offered off- 
campus in Radford, The program 
is already underway. 

Reversing infertility 

Ron and Mary Elmer of Central 
Virginia are expecting their first 
baby next June, a result of the 
first successful in wfro fertilization 
at MCV Hospitals, 

The Elmers have wanted a 
baby for eight years, but inex- 

plicably Mary could not become 
pregnant, though fertility tests 
proved normal. So the couple 
decided to try in v/fro fertilization. 
The in v/fro fertilization program 
at MCVH is the second to be es- 
tablished in Virginia, Program 
staff have been evaluating infer- 
tile couples since last April, and 
specialists have been performing 
the various steps involved in the 
method for several of these 
couples. The steps include re- 
trieving mature eggs, fertilizing 
the eggs in the laboratory, and 
returning all embryos to the 
mother's womb. The Elmers are 
the first to achieve a pregnancy 
at MCVH, not an unusual success 
rate according to Dr, Sanford Ro- 
senberg who directs the pro- 
gram, since the chance of 
achieving a pregnancy by in 
v/fro fertilization remains at 
about 20 percent, 

MCV Foundation 

The MCV Foundation has re- 
ceived 5340,000 from the Alfred 
I, duPont Living Trust to establish 
the Jessie Ball duPont Professor- 
ship in Pediatrics at the university. 
Named for the late wife of Alfred 
I, duPont, the professorship may 
also receive funds from the Vir- 
ginia General Assembly through 
its Eminent Scholars Program, The 
MCV Foundation will manage 
the endowment, which benefits 
the pediatric chairman's position 
at the MCV Hospitals Children's 
Medical Center, 

Dr, Harold M, Mourer, chair- 
man of pediatrics, is an interna- 
tionally recognized specialist in 
childhood cancers and blood 
disorders and has helped 
develop the subspecialty of he- 
matology-oncology. Since join- 
ing the university in 1968, Maurer 
has participated in and directed 
a number of pioneering research 
projects in hematology- 

Maurer is a member of the 
American Cancer Society's 
National Advisory Committee on 
Childhood Cancer and the 
American Board of Pediatrics' 
Sub-Board on Pediatric 
Hematology-Oncology, He also 
has been asked to visit the Na- 
tional Cancer Institute's Pediatric 
Branch this year to review and 
critique its research program. 

Convocation awards 

Coinciding with National Higher 
Education Week, this year's VCU 
Convocation was held in Octo- 
ber at the Performing Arts Center. 
Established in 1982, VCU Convo- 
cation recognizes outstanding 
faculty members through awards 
in the areas of teaching, re- 
search, and sen/ice, with one 
faculty member receiving the 
University Award of Excellence in 
all three areas. 

This year's recipients were Dr, 
A, Bryant Mangum, associate 
professor of English, who re- 
ceived the Distinguished Teach- 
ing Award; Dr. Hermes A, Kontos, 
vice-chairman and professor. 
Department of Medicine, who 
received the Distinguished Re- 
search Award; Judith Ellen Bux- 
ton Collins, associate professor of 
maternal-child nursing, who re- 
ceived the Distinguished Service 
Award; and Dr, Louis Harris, 
chairman and professor, Depart- 
ment of Pharmacology and Toxi- 
cology, who received the Univer- 
sity Award of Excellence, 

During convocation, guest 
speaker Rise Stevens, retired 
Metropolitan Opera mezzo- 
soprano and currently executive 
director of the Metropolitan Op- 
era National Council Auditions, 
addressed the topic of the arts 
as a crucial component in a 
well-rounded education. Presi- 
dent Edmund F, Ackell conferred 
an honorary Doctor of Arts de- 
gree on Stevens, recognizing her 
contributions to music education, 

A real estate goal 

The Virginia Association of Real- 
tors (VAR) has reached its goal 
of $1 million in endowment sup- 
port of VCU's Alfred L, Blake 
Chair of Real Estate with a recent 
gift of over $37,000 from the Vir- 
ginia Realtors Foundation, The 
final check was presented to Dr, 
J, Curtis Hall, dean of the School 
of Business, during the annual fall 
meeting of the VAR in Virginia 

The S1 million goal was set in 
1970 when the Blake chair was 
established at VCU, The chair 
was named in honor of the late 
Alfred L, Blake, Sr, founder of the 
Richmond-based firm. Mortgage 
Investment Corporation, and Al- 
fred L, Blake and Sons, Realtors, 
Blake also served as president of 
the former Real Estate Board of 

VCU is one of only three univer- 
sities in the nation with SI million 
endowments in support of a real 

estate professorship, Dr James 
Boykin is VCU's Alfred L, Blake 
Professor of Real Estate. The en- 
dowment supports the study of 
real estate, promotes high stan- 
dards of education in real es- 
tate, and expands real estate 
course offerings at educational 
institutions throughout Virginia. 

Fall sports update 

VCU's fall teams posted a best- 
ever combined record of 154-89- 
4, Included in that record were a 
Sun Belt volleyball champion- 
ship, second-place in the South 
Atlantic Field Hockey tourna- 
ment, and winning records for 
men's and women's cross 

Volleyball Coach Julie 
Jenkins' squad shocked the Sun 
Belt Conference by traveling to 
Jacksonville and winning the 
conference tournament. The title 
game was a 15-8, 10-15, 15-11, 
15-12 win over South Florida, the 
only team to defeat VCU in 
round-robin play. The Rams fin- 
ished the season with a 29-21 
record. In addition to the team 
honors, junior Idalis Otero was se- 
lected Most Valuable Player and 
made the All-Tournament team, 
Jennifer Fries, Kelly Baker, and 
Diana Gross were named 
honorable mention All-Sun Belt, 

Field Hockey A 12-9-1 record, 
highlighted by nine shutouts, was 
the result of hard work by Coach 
Pat Stauffer and the field hockey 
team. The Rams, who set a 
school record for wins, finished 
second in the South Atlantic 
League, losing 5-0 to National 
Champion Old Dominion in the 
title game, Beth Petitte led VCU 
with six goals and five assists for 
the season, Vicki Martin had 
eight shutouts in goal and a 1,36 
goals-against average. For these 
accomplishments, Petitte and 
Martin were selected All- 

Women's Cross Country A 
victory in the Campbell Invita- 
tional, along with dual meet wins 
over Old Dominion and Ameri- 
can, highlighted the women's 
cross country season. The team 
posted a 23-12 record, its best 
ever Junior Inge Schuurmans led 
the Rams in every race in which 
she participated and was the 
overall winner in six. The future 
looks bright, since there was only 
one senior on the squad. 

Men's Cross Country The pro- 
gram continued to grow and im- 
prove, posting a 19-16-1 record. 


Top finishes were third at Camp- 
bell and fourth (of 11] at the North 
Carolina Charlotte Invitational. 
Coach Jim Morgan was pleased 
by the consistent improvement in 
times and expects the program 
to improve even more next year. 

Soccer Coach Rosie Lundy's 
team struggled to a 7-10-3 re 
cord. Highlight wins were over 
East Carolina (3-1) and nation- 
ally-ranked Randolph-Macon 
(3-2). A lack of scoring punch 
doomed the Rams late in the 
season. Tim Sullivan and Ronnie 
Lane led VCU with six goals 
each. Fonfi Favale, injured in the 
eighth game and out for the sea- 
son, was next with five goals. 
Keeper Matt Lord had a 2.27 
goals-against average and four 

Golf The VCU golf team 
turned in an excellent 74-28 re- 
cord, winning one tournament 
and finishing in the top quarter in 
three of its six tournaments. Only 
once did VCU finish out of the 
top half of the field. Matt Ball 
and Glenn Dunaway led with av- 
erages of 76.40. Each was team 
medalist twice. The strong fall 
play promises an excellent 
spring season. 

Hospitality extended 

The MCV Hospitals Auxiliary 
completed a $200,000 drive 
launched in July 1983 to reno- 
vate the nineteenth century 
Zeigler House located around 
the corner from Mam Hospital. 
Zeigler House will be a "home 
away from home" for families of 
out-of-town patients at MCVH. 

The house, opened in Decem- 
ber, contains accommodations 
for 28 people, with eight bed- 
rooms, six bathrooms, an eot-in 
kitchen, a living room, the execu- 
tive director's office, and an 
apartment for a resident man- 
ager. The house welcomes fami- 
lies of patients who live 30 miles 
or more from Richmond and for 
whom hotel expenses would be 
a hardship. Guests will be re- 
sponsible for certain housekeep- 
ing chores during their stay, 
which is free of charge. The 
MCVH social services depart- 
ment or the chaplain service will 
refer guests to Zeigler House. 

Named for Frances Zeigler, 
dean of nursing at MCV in the 
1920s, the house will cost about 
550,000 a year in operating ex- 
penses according to estimates 
by the MCVH Auxiliary, Money 
for the first year's operating bud- 
get came from an auction held 
in October. 

Supporting reading 

The Arnold P. Fleshood Fund has 
been established in the School of 
Education to assist students who 
wish to pursue a Master of Edu- 
cation in reading at the univer- 
sity. The fund was named in 
honor of Dr. Arnold P. Fleshood, 
the school's first dean, who re- 
tired in August as associate vice- 
president for academic affairs. 

The M.Ed, in reading is de- 
signed to prepare graduate stu- 
dents as reading specialists on 
the elementary, middle, second- 
ary, and post-secondary levels. 
The graduate program has ap- 
proved program status from the 
Virginia Deparlment of Educa- 
tion and is certified by the Na- 
tional Council for Accreditation 
of Teacher Education. 

Fleshood received his Ed.D. 
from Columbia University. He 
joined the university in 1965 as 
chairman of elementary educa- 
tion. In 1967 he was promoted to 
dean of the School of Education, 
a position he held until 1971 when 
he was named associate vice 
president for academic affairs. 
During the years Fleshood was 
dean, the School of Education 
successfully participated with the 
university in the first Southern As- 
sociation of Colleges and 
Schools accreditation and the 
first Virginia Department of Edu- 
cation approval visit. 

Testing drug treatment 

An MCVH physician specializing 
in infectious diseases is seeking 
persons with frequent recur- 
rences of genital herpes to par- 
ticipate in a multi-center study to 
test the effectiveness of a new 
drug in herpes treatment. 

Dr Lisa Kaplowitz, assistant 
professor of general medicine, 
and physicians at about 20 
medical centers nationwide are 
testing an oral form of the drug, 
acyclovir. Participants in the 
study will take an acyclovir cap- 
sule daily for a year and will be 
given medical checkups for a 
year after completion of the drug 

About 20 million people in the 
United States now suffer from 
genital herpes, according to the 
National Center for Disease Con- 
trol in Atlanta. More than a half- 
million new cases are reported 

each year The disease, which is 
caused by a virus, is recurrent 
and incurable. No effective 
medical treatment currently is 

No apparent side effects of 
acyclovir therapy have been re- 
ported, says Kaplowitz, but long- 
term consequences are not yet 
known. She conducted a study 
of acyclovir administered intra- 
venously while on the faculty of 
the University of North Carolina at 
Chapel Hill. 

Annual giving enhanced 

Increasing levels of giving for the 
operation of the university con- 
tinues to be a priority in the 
shadows of state budgetary con- 
straints. To that end, VCU has 
formed its third annual giving 
committee since 1982-83. Ac- 
cording to Robert J. Fogg, Jr, di- 
rector of the university's annual 
giving program, the 1984-85 an- 
nual giving committee success- 
fully completed its fall per- 
sonal solicitation of about 190 
alumni prospects. During the so- 
licitation, each committee mem- 
ber seeks increasing levels of 
support for the university, asking 
prospects to consider gifts of 
S250 or more. This year's commit- 
tee is composed of an alumni 
volunteer chairman, six vice- 
chairmen, and 28 committee 
members, which involve alumni 
from both campuses. 

The 1984-85 chairman is Rich- 
ard A. Nelson, business '65. The 
vice-chairmen include Robert E. 
Henley, Jr, business '71; Thomas 
B, Lawrence, Jr, business '65; 
James M, Mann, business '71; Dr 
A, Scott Mills, medicine '77; Dr 
Philip L, A, Minor, medicine '47; 
and David S. Norris, business '63, 

Fagg reports that the efforts of 
the annual giving committee 
contribute substantially each 
year toward reaching the overall 
goal for the program. For 1984- 
85, this goal is 5305,000, with the 
alumni portion at 5195,000, 

A future in information 

VCU's School of Business was one 
of 40 schools of business nation- 
wide that received a planning 
grant from IBM, An origi- 
nal group of 218 universities 
sought the funds as part of IBM's 
525 million grant program to im- 
prove graduate instruction and 
research in information systems, 
VCU was the only university in 
Virginia to receive a planning 
grant of 512,000. 

To be eligible, schools must of- 
fer a graduate program in infor- 
mation systems and be accred- 
ited by the American Assembly 
of Collegiate Schools of Business, 
or be part of a university accred- 
ited by a regional accreditation 
association. Eligible universities 
submitted preliminary proposals 
to IBM that outlined plans and 
anticipated costs to develop 
faculty skills and graduate 
courses in information systems. 

The planning grants, ranging 
from 55,000 to 512,000, will help 
defray the costs of preparing fi- 
nal proposals to IBM for up to 52 
million in cash, equipment, and 
software. Recipients will use the fi- 
nal award for curriculum, faculty, 
and research development. 

The committee that wrote the 
preliminary proposal for VCU in- 
cluded faculty from the School of 
Business, the School of Commu- 
nity and Public Affairs, and the 
Department of Hospital Adminis- 
tration, The committee is now us- 
ing the 512,000 award to draft 
the final proposal, IBM will select 
12 schools from the 40 to receive 
the final award, and recipients 
will be announced in April, 

Kapp bequest 

As one of the largest bequests 
ever to VCU, the Department of 
Chemistry will receive 51,7 million 
from the estate of Dr, Mary E, 
Kapp, who died in November 
1983, She retired as chairman of 
the chemistry department in 

According to Dr Gordon A, 
Melson, chairman, the money 
will be used to strengthen gradu- 
ate education. Plans include 
establishing graduate research 
fellowships for students working 
toward doctoral degrees and 
expanding the visiting speakers 
program. The department also 
plans to establish the Mary E, 
Kapp chemistry chair, following 
Kapp's request for use of the 
funds. Currently, outside gifts in 
honor of Kapp have funded the 
Mary E, Kapp lecture series, 
which has brought prominent 
scholars to speak in Richmond, 
The department also has a lec- 
ture hall dedicated to Kapp. 

As chairman of the chemistry 
department, Kapp aided the 
development of its doctoral pro- 
gram. Today there are 15 full-time 
faculty members and 43 gradu- 
ate students. 






Neonatal screening of a 
new genetic disorder 

This news item is a correction of 
ttie previous item, "PKU preven- 
tion, " which appeared in the fail 
1984 VCU Magazine. 
Dr. Barry Wolf, associate profes- 
sor of human genetics and pedi- 
atrics, and hiis colleagues hiave 
shiown that deficient activity of 
the enzyme, biotinidase, is the 
primary defect in on inherited 
metabolic disorder that is 
characterized by seizures, hair 
loss, skin rashes, hearing loss, 
and developmental delay. Chil- 
dren vi/ith this disorder cannot re- 
cycle the vitamin, biotin, and 
cannot adequately use dietary 
biotin. Therefore, they become 
biotin deficient. 

If physicians detect the disor- 
der eariy, they can effectively 
treat these children by giving 
them large doses of biotin. Wolf's 
group has recently developed a 
nevi/born screening test for the 
condition, and in a pilot pro- 
gram in Virginia they have identi- 
fied two infants with biotinidase 
deficiency out of the 77,000 
newborns so far screened. These 
results suggest that it is cost-effi- 
cient to screen for this disease 
and should prompt many other 
states and countries to begin 
screening for biotinidase defi- 
ciency in the near future. 

Unlocking juvenile 

Paul W. Keve, professor of admin- 
istration of justice and public 
safety and former consultant to 
the Virginia Department of Cor- 
rections, has completed a study 
that should arm advocates of a 
legal ban on holding juvenile 
delinquents in adult jails. No ba- 
sis exists, Keve asserts, to argu- 
ments by juvenile court judges 
and conservative legislators who 
have blocked efforts to ban the 
jailing of juvenile delinquents. 

Working under a grant by the 
Chicago Resource Center, Keve 
has studied a ban enacted in 
Pennsylvania and has addressed 
his opponents' principal argu- 
ment: the fear of placing undue 
stress on detention homes that 
are neither large enough nor suffi- 
ciently staffed to control the influx 
of older juvenile delinquents that 
such a ban would cause. In 
Pennsylvania, a change in law 
and practice resulted in de- 
creased admission to juvenile 
detention facilities, better train- 
ing for detention facility staff, 
and the development of deten- 

tion alternatives for less serious 
juvenile offenders. 

Studies such as Keve's began 
because of the stance assumed 
by the federal government, 
which feared the consequences 
of placing juveniles in adult jails. 

CIT Biotech awards 

The Center for Innovative Tech- 
nology (CIT) has avi/arded funds 
totaling S354,620 to VCU faculty 
members who are conducting 
research in the Institute of Bio- 
technology, one of the four focus 
areas of CIT 

Researchers are studying mo- 
lecular genetics and gene ex- 
pression and protein engineer- 
ing. VCU was selected by CIT to 
setve as the lead institution for 
the Institute of Biotechnology, 
with collaboration by faculty 
members at the University of Vir- 
ginia. The primary investigators 
for VCU come from the Depart- 
ment of Biochemistry and the De- 
partment of Microbiology and 

Effects of anti-ulcer 

Cardiopulmonary technologist 
and VCU graduate student Eliza- 
beth A. Dowling has recently 
been granted the Wayne C. Hall 
Research Award. Phi Kappa Phi, 
the campus-wide honor society, 
funds the $1,000 scholarship, 
which is awarded based on writ- 
ten research proposals submitted 
by graduate students and fac- 
ulty. The award is named in 
honor of Dr Wayne C. Hall, pro- 
vost and vice-president for aca- 
demic affairs. 

A graduate student in exercise 
physiology in the School of Edu- 
cation's Division of Health and 
Physical Education, Dowling 
plans to use the award to study 
the effects of anti-ulcer drugs on 
patients, wori<ing in collabora- 
tion with Dr. David Hughes, a 
Richmond cardiologist, Dr 
Donald DeMeersman, assistant 
professor of physical education, 
and Dr. William Garnett, assistant 
professor of pharmacy. Her re- 
search interest developed after 
she noted the side effects of such 
drugs on patients during her cur- 
rent work in area hospitals. 

Relieving dependence in 
elderly women 

Behavioral therapy for urinary in- 
continence in elderly women is 
the subject of a 5903,205 grant 
awarded to Dr J. Andrew FantI, 

VCU associate professor of ob- 
stetrics and gynecology, by the 
National Institutes of Health. 

The National Institute of Aging 
grant will fund a five-year project 
to determine the effectiveness of 
bladder retraining in women of 
55 years or older. FantI 's initial 
work with behavior modification 
has proved successful. Estimates 
reveal that nearly 12 percent of 
elderiy females living at home 
and 50 percent of those institu- 
tionalized are affected by uri- 
nan/ incontinence — a signifiant 
cause of disability and depen- 
dency among the elderly. 

Early detection and treatment 
of urinary incontinence may sig- 
nificantly reduce the need for 
drastic measures such as cathe- 
terization, institutionalization, and 

Improving medical 

Dr Robert M. Center, assistant 
professor of internal medicine, is 
one of five physicans nationwide 
to receive a three-year, 548,000 
Teaching and Research Scholar- 
ship from the American College 
of Physicians (ACP). He will focus 
his study on medical decision 
making and the use of statistics 
in predicting diagnostic proba- 
bilities. Center's program of 
teaching interns and residents to 
study a medical journal article's 
mettiods and results, as well as 
the summaries and commen- 
taries, helped him win the 

He states that the interpretation 
of medical data can be ex- 
tremely tricky; knowing how to 
read a journal article is critical. 
All medical studies have in them 
an element of chance, and 
chance may give the appear- 
ance of a significant finding to a 
poorly developed research pro- 
ject. According to Center, the 
peer review system is probably 
the best screening process in 
medical journalism. Too many ar- 
ticles with flawed interpretations 
or methodology have slipped 
past journal officials and review- 
ers, thus giving credence to 
results that may not hold up 
with time. 

Researching teacher 

John Seyfarth, associate profes- 
sor of educational services, and 
William Bost, head of the School 
of Education's Division of Educa- 
tional Services, will conduct re- 
search as a result of a grant re- 

ceived from the Southeastern 
Regional Council for Educational 
Improvement of the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Education. 

Their grant research will focus 
on the use of teacher incentives 
in Virginia school systems. The 
study seeks to identify those fac- 
tors under local school division 
control that may influence deci- 
sions made by teachers about 
where to teach. While salaries 
and benefits bear on teachers' 
decisions, the study intends to fo- 
cus on nonmonetary policies 
and practices that might also 
enhance the decisions and work 
attitudes of teachers. 

Medical inquiries for 
senior citizens 

A team of VCU researchers has 
been awarded a 592,500 grant 
by the National Institute of Men- 
tal Health to aid in the search for 
a diagnostic test that distin- 
guishes between depression and 
Alzheimer's disease, a brain dis- 
order that affects several million 
Americans, most of whom are 
over 65. 

According to Dr Robert Hart, 
director of psychological ser- 
vices in consultation/liaison psy- 
chiatry, memory problems 
among elderiy depressed peo- 
ple relate most likely to inatten- 
tion; with Alzheimer's disease, the 
problem involves both acquiring 
information and transferring it to 
long-term storage. 

The test could prove useful for 
both depression and Alzheimer's 
victims. Discovering that memory 
problems relate to depression 
assures patients of being treated 
effectively, and potential means 
of assessing treatments for Alz- 
heimer's disease may result from 
the test. 

Members of the research team 
include Hart, team director; Dr. 
Joseph Kwentus, assistant profes- 
sor of psychiatry; Dr John Taylor, 
associate professor of neurology; 
and Dr Stephen Hari<ins, associ- 
ate professor of gerontology. 

The faces of flushing 

Not all cases of rosacea are as 
extreme as W.C. Fields'— nor are 
they caused by the same reason. 
A reddened face, acnelike 
blemishes, and enlarged capil- 
laries may result from recurring, 
intense flushing and not neces- 
sarily from excessive alcohol 

Chief of the dermatology serv- 
ice at the McGuire Veterans Ad- 
ministration Medical Center and 


associate professor of dermatol- 
ogy and ptiormocology. Dr. Jon- 
ottian K, Wilkin suggests thiat 
flushing may be a heat dissipot- 
ing.mechanism, one which in- 
creases the blood flow through 
the vessels that richly endow fa- 
cial skin. The body's temperature 
does not increase, although the 
body responds as if it does. Con- 
ditions such as emotional stimu- 
lation and menopause may initi- 
ate the flushing. 

Wilkin's study offers rebuttal to 
Mark Twain's remark: "Man is the 
only animal that blushes. Or 
needs to." Flushing, or variants of 
it, occurs in the animal kingdom 
as a means of communication. 

Childlessness explored 

Despite what sociologists and 
psychologists call pronatalism — 
a bias in our society toward hav- 
ing children — some women opt 
for voluntary childlessness. Joan 
M. Offerle, a Ph.D. candidate in 
counseling psychology, wants to 
discover why. 

Most of the literature on volun- 
tary childlessness has focused on 
married women and couples. 
Offerle, using a multiple-choice 
attitude survey, seeks to study an- 
other group: those women who 
decide prior to marriage to be 

The ecology movement and 
the zero population growth phi- 
losophy of the early 1970s, ac- 
cording to Offerle, triggered her 
study. She expects that several is- 
sues influence a woman's deci- 
sion to be childless: career, edu- 
cational goals, a concern about 
the future of the world. Perpetuat- 
ing the stigma associated with 
not having children is a society 
that commits a begging-the- 
question fallacy. Rather than ask 
couples, "When are you going to 
have children?" people might in- 
quire, "Have you decided to 
have children?" 

Slowing down type A 

Hard-driving, time-conscious 
people intent on achievement — 
type A personalities, according 
to the medical profession — often 
underrate the effects of strenuous 
activity on the body. According 
to David C. Schaefer, such be- 
havior may explain why the type 
A male who has had a heart at- 
tack is much more likely to have 
another — more so than the type 
B male who has had a heart at- 
tack. While physicians may ad- 
vise recovering type A heart at- 
tack patients to walk one mile a 
day, these patients feel certain 
that they could do more. This 

compulsion to exceed limits 
causes problems. 

Carefully distinguishing be- 
tween the type A man end the 
type B man resulted in Schaefer's 
dissertation topic and a Ph.D. in 
clinical psychology from the uni- 
versity. Schaefer's study reveals 
that type A men recovering from 
heart attacks may unknowingly 
overextend themselves because 
of their achievement orientation. 

Interestingly, having a type A 
personality contributes to heart 
disease much in the same way 
as smoking, high blood pressure, 
and high cholesterol levels. Be- 
havior modification may best 
prevent heart disease problems 
for type A men. 

Detecting Down 

An unusual chromosomal vari- 
ant, which appears to increase 
the risk for bearing children with 
Down syndrome in both males 
and females, has been discov- 
ered by geneticists in the Depart- 
ment of Human Genetics. For 
those who have the variant, the 
risk of a child with Down syn- 
drome may be increased by a 
factor of ten- to twentyfold. 

Down syndrome is the com- 
monest specific type of profound 
mental retardation and occurs in 

one in 1,000 liveborn infants. The 
syndrome results from the pres- 
ence of an extra chromosome 
that can come from either par- 
ent. Prior to the present research, 
the only recognized risk factor 
was advanced maternal age. If 
used for the identification of 
high-risk couples, these new find- 
ings could lead to a 30 percent 
reduction in the frequency of 
Down syndrome. 

This study grew out of the wort< 
of a graduate student. Colleen 
Jackson-Cook, who was using 
special cytogenetic techniques 
to identify the parental origin of 
the extra chromosome in chil- 
dren with Down syndrome. 



Manuel Bejar, assistant 
professor of Spanish, opened the 
college session of the 23rd 
Annual Foreign Language 
Conference with the paper, 
"Ambition and Reality in Teach- 
ing College Students," in 

John H. Bowman, associate 
professor of economics, recently 
was named to the Governor's 
Economic Advisory Committee 
of Virginia. 

Meta R. Braymer, coordinator 
of the Bachelor of General 
Studies program, recently 
published an essay on John 
Mercer, an eighteenth century 
Virginia writer and lawyer, in the 
Dictionary of Literary Biograpliy. 

Richard R. Brookman, 
associate professor of pediatrics, 
has been appointed to the 
American Academy of Pediat- 
rics' Committee on Adolescence. 
Brookman was visiting professor 
with the Department of Pediatrics 
at the Fitzsimons Army Medical 

Center, Denver, giving six lec- 
tures on several topics in adoles- 
cent health care. 

Francis M. Bush, associate 
professor of general dentistry, 
has been named regional editor 
for the Journal of Craniomandi- 
bular Practice. He also has been 
elected an at-large representa- 
tive for the Central Virginia Area 
Health Advisory Committee. 

Sung C. Choi, professor of 
biostatistics, has been desig- 
nated editor of special issues of 
the International Journal of 
Computers and Mathematics 
with Applications He also was 
appointed to an advisory 
committee on trauma of the 
American College of Surgeons. 

Robert D. Cromey, associate 
professor of history, has pub- 
lished "The Peloponnesian 
Neleidai" in Proceedings. 
Second Congress of Peloponne- 
sian Studies (Athens, Greece) 
and "On Deinomache," Historia, 
Zeitschrift fuer Altertumwissen- 

schaft 33. He also presented a 
paper, "Naming Women in 
Athens: A Gravestone in the 
Karisruhe Badisches Landmu- 
seum and Social Control of 
Women's Lives," at the Classical 
Association of the Midwest and 

Ann Dinius, associate profes- 
sor of dental hygiene, has been 
elected to the executive commit- 
tee of the Virginia Health Occu- 
pations Advisory Council of the 
Virginia Department of Educa- 
tion. She also was recently 
appointed to the board of 
directors of the Virginia Associa- 
tion of Allied Health Professions, 

Arthur J. Engel, associate 
professor of history, has been 
favored by the publication of a 
paperback edition of From 
Clergyman to Don: The Rise of 
the Academic Profession in 
Nineteenth-Century Oxford. The 
papertoack—like the 1983 
hardback edition — is published 
by Oxford University Press, 

Franl< H. Farrington, associate 
professor and chairman. Depart- 
ment of Pediatric Dentistry, has 
been elected to a three-year 
term on the executive council of 
the American Society of Dentistry 
for Children, 

Susan F. Feiner, assistant 
professor of economics, has 
been appointed to lead a 
project on gender balance in 
the economics curriculum for the 
American Economic Association 
Committee on the Status of 
Women in the Economics Profes- 
sion, She delivered a paper, 
"The Economic Consequences of 
the Oedipus Complex," at the 
annual meeting of the 
Association for Economic and 
Social Analysis in Amherst, 

George R. Gray, associate 
professor of business, has been 
accepted to the Labor Panel of 
the American Arbitration Associ- 
ation and has been admitted to 
the Federal Mediation and 


Conciliation Service Roster of 

Ben D. Gunter, professor, 
Department of Interior Design, 
served on o Foundation for 
Interior Design Education Re- 
search! Accrediting Team at 
Ricks College in Rexburg, Idatio. 
Robert J. Hamm and Joseph 
H. Porter, associate professors of 
psyctioiogy, presented papers at 
the annual meeting of the 
Societv of Neuroscience in 
Anaheim. Hamm also addressed 
the International Society for 
Developmental Psychologv in 

Stephen W. Harkins, associ- 
ate professor of gerontology and 
psychiatry, attended the Fourth 
World Congress on Pain in 
Seattle, where he presented a 
paper on "Pain Evoked Poten- 
tials." He also presented a paper, 
"Objective Assessment of 
Experimental and Clinical Pain," 
at a satellite symposium on 
recent developments in orofacial 
pain following the World Con- 
gress at Port Ludlow, Washington. 

Donna L. Hartley, instructor in 
microbiology and immunology, 
has received the Interscience 
Conference on Antimicrobial 
Agents and Chemotherapy 
Young Investigator Award given 
by the American Society for 

Fred M. Hawkridge, professor 
of chemistry, has been included 
in the 1984 publication. "Labora- 
tory Techniques in Electroanalyti- 
cal Chemistry," with his chapter 
on "Electrochemical Cells." 

Marijean H. Hawthorne, 
associate professor of geogra- 
phy, received the "Scholar 
Award" at the annual meeting of 
the Virginia Social Science 

Sue Hirt, professor emerlta of 
physical therapy, is a visiting 
faculty member at the University 
of Tel Aviv. Israel, serving as a 
consultant to faculty of the three 
Physical Therapy Schools of Israel 
until her return this spring, 

Gary C. Hopper, assistant 
professor of theatre, has been 
awarded a fellowship at the 
Virginia Center for the Creative 
Arts at Mt, San Angelo In Amherst 
County, Last year he received a 
National Endowment for the Arts 
Fellowship grant. Hopper has 
recently completed a new 
opera. "The Noise," 

Daniel P. Johnson, professor 
of sociology, opened the North- 
ern Virginia Studies Conference 
In October with "The Future of 
Virginia through the Eyes of Its 
Citizens; A Comparison of 
Northern Virginia and Other 

Regions In the Commonwealth." 
Daniel P. Jordan, professor of 
history, has been appointed to a 
four-year term on the National 
Park System Advisory Board by 
the Secretary of Interior, 

Daniel M. Laskin, professor 
and chairman. Department of 
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 
received the Gies Editorial 
Award for excellence In dental 
journalism for his editorial, "Truth 
of Consequences," which 
appeared in the Journal of Oral 
ar\d Maxillofacial Surgery. The 
award was presented in October 
at the annual American Associa- 
tion of Dental Editors meeting, 

James T. Long, assistant 
professor of interior design, was 
one of 16 college Instructors from 
the United States. Canada, and 
England awarded grants last 
summer for a workshop given by 
the Illuminating Engineering 
Society of North America at the 
New England Center, 

Roice D. Luke, department 
chairman. James W. Begun, 
associate professor, and Louis F. 
Rossiter, assistant professor, 
faculty members from the 
Department of Health Adminis- 
tration, presented a workshop on 
the Economics of Health Care 
and Manpower Regulations for 
Virginia's Department of Health 
Regulatory Boards, 

Jay W. Malcan, assistant 
professor of administration of 
justice and public safety, has 
been appointed to the editorial 
board of Policenet, a new 
journal on computer applica- 
tions in law enforcement, 

Philip B. I^eggs, chairman of 
the Department of Communica- 
tion Arts and Design, has been 
awarded a Certificate for 
Excellence in publishing from the 
Association of American Pub- 
lishers for his book. A History of 
Graphic Design. 

Donald C. Mikulecky, 
professor of physiology and 
biophysics, has been appointed 
to the editorial board of Annals 
of Biomedical Engineering. 

James T. IVIoore, professor of 
history, has published "Depres- 
sion Images: Subsistence Home- 
steads. 'Productlon-for-Use,' and 
King Vidor's Our Daily Bread" in 
The Midwest Quarterly 

George E. l\/lunro, associate 
professor of history, served as 
local arrangements chairman for 
the 24th annual meeting of the 
Southern Conference on Slavic 
Studies held in Richmond, Munro 
also was elected to the execu- 
tive board of the organization, 

Donald Myers, associate 
professor of business administra- 

tion and management, has 
published Establishing and 
Building Employee Assistance 
Programs by Greenwood Press 

Raphael M. Ottenbrite, 
professor of chemistry, was 
program chairman for the 
Division of Polymer Chemistry. 
Inc.. American Chemical Society 
meeting last spring. He was 
keynote speaker at a sympo- 
sium. "Polymers in Biology and 
Medicine," at the Wellcome 
Research Laboratories in Re- 
search Triangle Park, North 
Carolina, In October he pre- 
sented a talk on "Biological 
Activity of Polyanionic Polymers" 
at the International Symposium 
on Specialty Polymers held In 
Birmingham. England, He also 
presented lectures at Humber- 
slde College in Hull, Aberdeen 
University In Aberdeen, Scotland, 
and the University of Keele In 
Crewe, England. 

Otto Payton, chairman of 
physical therapy, was a Visiting 
Fellow in the School of Physio- 
therapy, Western Australian 
Institute of Technology, Perth, 
Australia, In the fall. While in 
Australia, he presented the 
keynote address. "Therapists' 
Role in Experimental Research, " 
to the Australian Physiotherapy 
Association. Second Interna- 
tional Congress. Asian and 
Pacific Basin Region. 

A. P. L. Prest, professor and 
chairman. Department of Patient 
Counseling, has been elected 
chairman of the Commission of 
Health Regulatory Boards. 

Robert J. Resnick, associate 
professor of psychiatry, has been 
elected a fellow of the American 
Psychological Association for his 
work in professional psychology 
Robert L. Schneider, associ- 
ate professor of social work, has 
been elected chairman of the 
Governor's Advisory Board to the 
Virginia Department of the 

Sally Schumacher and 
James McMillan, associate 
professors of educational studies, 
have published Research in 
Education: A Conceptual 
Introduction (Little. Brown. Boston, 
1984), Schumacher also has 
received the Award for Out- 
standing Service from the 
Virginia Research Association 
(VERA), the organization's fourth 
outstanding service award 
presented so far 

Philip J. Schwarz, associate 
professor of history, has pub- 
lished "Forging the Shackles: The 
Development of Virginia's 
Criminal Code for Slaves" In 

Ambivalent Legacy: A Legal 
History of the South. 

Christopher Silver, assistant 
professor of urban studies and 
planning, recently published a 
book. Twentieth-Century Rich- 
mond: Planning. Politics, and 
Race, which is a continuation of 
Mary Wingfield Scott's Old 
Richmond Neighborhoods. 
recently reprinted, 

Albert T. Sneden, associate 
professor of chemistry, has 
published an article, "Rolllncin 
and Isorollincin, Cytotoxic 
Acetogenlns from Rollinia 
Papilionelld' In Phytochemistry 

Jack D. Spiro, director of the 
Judaic Studies Program, has 
published "An Exploration of 
Gemllut Hasadim" In Judaism: A 
Quarterly Journal. 

Kenneth A. Stackhouse, 
assistant professor of Spanish, 
read "Cervantes' Casamiento 
engdnoso and Coloquio de los 
perros: A Cynical Reply to 
Lazarillo" at the 34th Annual 
Mountain Interstate Foreign 
Language Conference at East 
Tennessee State University, 

Henry H. Stonnington, 
professor and chairman. Depart- 
ment of Rehabilitation Medicine, 
recently received the Roy M, 
Hoover Award, given annually by 
the Virginia Rehabilitation 
Association to a physician who 
has rendered substantial, coop- 
erative services to rehabllitants In 

Mabel Wells, associate 
professor of social work, re- 
ceived special recognition as an 
outstanding local agency board 
member by the Child Welfare 
League of America at the 
Bloraclal Conf.erence for Board 
Leaders and Executives held in 
Minneapolis this fall. Wells is 
chairman of the Richmond 
Public Welfare Department 
Board of Directors, 

Nelson Wikstrom, associate 
professor of political science, 
served last summer as a senior 
Intern with the Joint Legislative 
Audit and Review Commission 
for Virginia. 

Yong Soon Yim, associate 
professor of political science, 
recently received a Distinguished 
Service Award from the Prime 
Minister of South Korea for his 
service to South Korean 




I want to thank thiose of you 
wtio have token the time to 
write, coll, or drop by the 
office to talk with me since the 
last letter I wrote to you in the 
VCU Magazine. As an alumnus 
myself, I hove particularly 
enjoyed your memories of RPI, 
MCV, and VCU. 

Many of you have indicated 
you would like to become more 
involved with the board of 
directors of your particular 
alumni divsion. I am happy to 
report that all of the boards are 
eager to discuss this possibility 
with any alumnus. 

The boards work on a volun- 
teer basis, existing to promote 
the school or college they 
represent. The alumni office 
works to help these divisional 
boards in achieving the goals 
they and their deans have set. 
Each board has a representative 
from both the dean's office and 
the alumni office; these repre- 
sentatives serve as ex-officio 

In the past, the divisional 
boards have concentrated 
primarily on programming events 
that bring alumni back to the 
campuses for seminars and 
receptions. And the boards are 
continuing this extensive pro- 
gramming. Now, however, the 
thrust of the boards' efforts will be 
focused on alumni involvement. 
For example, some of the boards 
will be working with RamSCAN, 
a program developed in the 
career planning and placement 
office to bring together alumni 
with career experience and 
other alumni and students 
needing career advice. The 
boards involved will be helping 
to set up a network of alumni all 
over the world who are particu- 
larly interested in staying in touch 
with the VCU community. 

If you would like to become 
involved with your board of 
directors, simply write to the 
president or chairman of your 
division (refer to the accompany- 
ing chart) in care of VCU Alumni 
Activities, 828 West Franklin 
Street, Richmond, VA 

Your participation in this 
program will not only be worth- 
while but certainly rewarding. 

Stephen C. Harvey 

Director, VCU Alumni Activities 


PratldsnP — J Dal* BImion 

MMiCQl Division 


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Pieildont — J Dole Bl 

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EducofKxi Diviuon 

SOOOI Wert Dtviwofi 

Dentol Division 


Dt J Wilson Arnoi. J 

DOfoftiy S CtDwd©" Mary Belh Poppos 

Cofnmunily and PviSic AHoiis l+ufnanitiei ond 5cier>ce! 
Divisicn PiesKlen' Diviwon Ptesfden' 

kothloon P Sadler Df Poos' A NicrtHion 


Hock U. Stephenson, Jr. (medi- 
cine) is a semi-retired physician, 
representing the Virginia Stote Health 
Department on the prescription team 
at the Reception and Diagnostic 


Leigti C. Budwell (D.D.S ) is owner 
of High Alpine Properly Management 
Company in Snowmass, Colorado, 

Caroline F. Hogshead (B S 

recreation) has retired from her 
position as Army Civilian Superi/isory 
Recreation Specialist with the U.S. 

Robert L. Rogers (B.S. distributive 
education) is chief of distribution 
management for the General 
Services Administration, U.S. 


Gerald M. Rosenberg (B S 

pharmacy) represented VCU at the 
inauguration of George Dennis 
O'Brien as president of the University 
of Rochester, Rochester, New York. 


Fred W. Sammons (occupational 
therapy), founder and president of 
Fred Sammons, Inc. in Burr Ridge, 
Illinois, was given a 1984 Award of 
Merit by the American Occupational 
Therapy Association, Inc. 


Hubert E. Kiser, Jr. (D D S.) is 

president-elect of the Southern 
Society of Orthodontists. 


William F. Abernathy (B S. social 
work) has been appointed acting 
director of library services at Asbury 
College in Wilmore, Kentucky He 
represented VCU at the inauguration 
of John B. Stephenson as president of 
Berea College, Berea, Kentucky, 


Charles M. Ewell, Jr. (M H A ) has 

been appointed president and chief 
executive officer of the newly formed 
American Healthcare System. 

Thomas E. IVIarshall III (B F A 
commercial design) has been 
appointed chairman of the Depart- 

ment of Art at Atlantic Christian 
College. He is also co-editor of 
Crucible Magazine. 

John T. McEwan (B.S. accounting) 
has been named president and chief 
operating officer of Arundel Com- 
munications, Inc.. which owns five 
weekly newspapers and two printing 
companies in the Northern Virginia 

Audrey M. Schumann (B S 
sociology and social welfare) has 
recently retired from the Bank of 


William T Coppage (MS 

rehabilitation counseling), commis- 
sioner of the Virginia Department for 
the Visually Handicapped, has 
received the National Rehabilitation 
Association's Bell Greve Award. 
William P. Kennedy (D D S.) is 
completing a six-year term on the 
South Carolina Board of Dentistry and 
is serving as president-elect of the 
South Carolina Dental Association. 


Robert J. Barbie (B,S. chemistn/) 
has been named manager of 
Support Section B in the Scientific 
Systems/EDP Group of A H. Robins' 
Scientific Information Department, 

Edward Kerns (B.F.A. fine arts), a 
faculty member at Lafayette College, 
exhibited in the fall at the Rosa Esman 
Gallen/ in New Yort< City, 

Nancy Camden Witt (M F A 
sculpture) spoke at the opening of an 
exhibition of her works in the 1846 
Courthouse gallery of the Portsmouth 
Community Arts Center 


Catherine Babb Bley (B S 

nursing), formerly staff director of 
Personal Counseling Service in 
Fredericksburg, is a part-time nurse in 
her husband's family practice at Pratt 
Medical Center, Fredericksburg, 


G. Benjamin Dillow (MS. rehabili- 
tation counseling) is director of 
human relations for Alumax, Inc. He 
has been elected vice-president of 

DO you have news about 
yourself for ttie \/C\J 
Magazine? tvlail your 
updates to VCU Magazine, 
Alumni Update. 826 West 
Franklin Street, Richmond, VA 

Sometimes we do not get your 
information in the Issue you might 
expeot, but we make every effort 
to print your updates as soon as 
possible. Be patient, and look for 
your update In the next issue. 
Write to us. 

Elizabethtown Children's and 
Rehabilitation Hospital (branch of 
Penn State's Hershey Medical Center) 
and is chairman for the Lancaster 
County Business Group on Health 

Lt. Col. Marshall D. Dowdy, 
Marine Corps Reserves (M.S. business 
administration; B.S. retailing, 1962). 
has graduated from the nonresident 
course at the Army War College, 
Cariisle Barracks, Pennsylvania. He is 
serving in Norfolk with the Landing 
Force Training Command. 

James R. Rowe (B.S accounting) is 
vice-president for Central Fidelity 


Dennis S. Merchant (engineering) 
is an electrical engineer for CNORG 
in Norfolk. 

C. Thomas Melees (pathology) 
represented VCU at the inauguration 
of R. Gerald Turner as chancellor of 
the University of Mississippi. 

David E. Mullins (M D ) repre- 
sented VCU at the Bicentennial 
convocation at the University of 
Georgia in Athens, Georgia, 

Judith S. Reid (B,S, sociology) has 
been made a sales officer in the 
Bank Card Division of the Bank of 


Raymond W. Brewer (B S business 
administration) has been appointed 
senior vice president of Barclays 

Arthur P. Foley (B.S. business 
administration), dean of finance and 
facilities at Shepherd College, 
Shepherdstown, West Virginia, has 
been appointed to the Appalachian 
National Scenic Trail Advisor/ Council 
by Secretan/ of the Interior William 

Randall W. Powell (M D ) has 
completed militan/ service with the 
US, Navy and has accepted a 
position as assistant professor in the 
Division of Pediatric Surgery at the 
University of South Alabama College 
of Medicine. 

Ida Lee Wootten ((B.S. journalism) 
has been appointed director of 
public relations at Piedmont Virginia 
Community College. 


Michael L. Collins (M.H.A.) is 
director of affiliates development for 
NKC, Inc. 


John Milliard (M.M), composer in 
residence at Howard l^ayne Univer- 
si^y', will have his work Menhir 
recorded by Richard Giangiulio, 
principal trumpet with the Dallas 

J. Mitchell Sandlin (B S. business 
administration) is owner of the Dairy 
Queen Brazier in Franl<lin, Virginia, 

Joyce R. Wise (B,A. English) has 
been named a visiting lecturer in 
mass communications at Emory and 
Henry College, 


Douglas F. Abell (M S W) is 

education program coordinator for 
Emory University Hospital in Atlanta. 

Janice A. Arone-Stoneware 
(BE A, sculpture) exhibited her pottery 
and ceramics at the shop of John 
Simmons in Charlottesville, 

Douglas M. Baker (B S sociology) 
is accounting manager for Electro- 
magnetic Technology, Inc. in 
Springfield, Virginia. 

Robert A. Cline (B,S, sociology) 
has been employed by Otis Elevator 
Company (United Technology) for 36 
years. He also is a senior volunteer for 
United Way. 

Robert A. Farkas, Jr. |B S. advertis- 
ing) and Linda Hopkins Farkas 
(B.FA. interior design) have a business 
in Northern Virginia called Custom 
Graphics, Inc. where they specialize 
in artwork and design for advertise- 
ments, brochures, and logos 


Jacqueline S. Beckner (B.S 
biology) is a clinical research 
assistant for A. H. Robins Company, 

Robert H. Pemberton (B S 

accounting) is an auditor in the Office 
of the Inspector General, U,S, 
Department of Health and Human 

J. David Perkinson (DOS), who 
has a dental practice in Richmond, is 
also o musician and has recently 
appeared in "Eoxfire" at the Barks- 
dale Theatre. 


Bernhard R. Leipelt (M Ed ) is 

doing research in support of elec- 
troacupuncture developed by 
Reinhold Voll, a German physician. 


Norma Pareti Lovelace (M S W) is 

a social worker for Guilford County 
Social Services. 

James E. Schepmoes (B S mass 
communications) has been named 
managing editor of Dealer News, o 
monthly magazine published by the 
National Tire Dealers and Retreoders 
Association. Washington, D.C. 


Garry L. Gordon (B.F.A, painting 
and printmaking) exhibited his 
artwork in the fall as port of a 
program of exchange between 
Midwestern artists and artists in 
foreign countries. 

Helen D. Troche (B S elementan/ 
education) has received her M.Ed, 
from the University of South Alabama 


Robert C. Busch (B.S. health and 
physical educdtion) is sales territory 
manager for Mohasco Corporation. 

Brenda Davis Frank (B S nursing) 
has earned a Master of Science in 
nursing and is a pedidtric clinical 
nurse specialist for Home Health Care 
of Metropolitan Detroit in Southfield, 

Susan McKinney Glasgow/ (B F A 
interior design) has been named 
manager of the facilities manage- 
ment department in the Bonk Seivices 
Division of the Bank of Virginia. 

E. Douglas Pratt (M S.W.) has 
received his doctorate in social 
policy and research. He works for a 
private corporation that redesigns 
and manages psychiatric hospitals 
where he is senior clinician, director 
of psychiatric social services for the 
corporation's Crestview Treatment 
Center in Alabama. 

The fine art of Verlin 

By Ed Kanis 

Verlin Miller (B,F.A. communica- 
tion arts and design, 1975) is one 
person vi'ho believes in doing 
things big. 

Miller, a Ptiiladelptiia illustrator, 
has created tlie v^orld's largest 
ceramic tile wall mural. The 
mural adorns the v^aW of a 
recently completed commuter 
train station in the city's down- 
tovi/n area. It includes nearly 
250,000 tiles in 56 different colors 
end stretches 900 feet by 30 feet, 
the equivalent of tv/o city blocl<s. 

Miller almost never got the 
chance to do the mural. When 
the city decided to build the 

new station, the original plan 
called for plain file walls, That 
plan did not meet with the 
approval of area architects, who 
soon met to formulate ideas for a 
wall design, Several architects 
were requested to suggest 
concepts for the wall. Selected 
was the concept submitted by 
David Beck, one based on a 
garden scene. 

To develop the concept. Beck 
contacted four local illustrators, 
including Miller, for proposals. "I 
was a little surprised he didn't 
select a fine artist," Miller re- 
called. "But he said he was 
looking for someone capable of 
dealing with people since the 
finished design would have to go 
through an approval process 
with the city's Arts Commission," 

Beck selected Miller's pro- 
posal, which differed stylistically 
from the architect's original 
concept. "David's concept was 
very formal. It was pretty, but 
artificial," Miller explained. "I 
wanted something that was 
more natural, more informal, and 
something unique to the Phila- 
delphia area," 

That thought resulted in a 
design that depicts Philadel- 
phia's Fairmount Park the way it 
looked 300 to 400 years ago. 
Working with etchings, drawings, 
and sketches by the Pennsylva- 
nia Historical Society and his own 
research on the types of vegeta- 
tion in the area at the time. Miller 
developed his 36-foot by 18-inch 

After several presentations 

before the Arts Commission, the 
illustration was approved. Miller's 
next step was to oversee the 
conversion of the scaled-down 
illustration into the finished-size 

To ensure the proper conver- 
sion. Miller spent nearly two 
months with engineers at Case 
Western Resen/e University in 
Cleveland. Using a technique 
called image blocking, the 
engineers photographed the 
illustration in sections, scanned 
the sections by computer, and 
translated them into proper 

"We were able to reproduce 
the basic image, but the colors 
were distorted," Miller said. Not 
wanting to sacrifice the impres- 
sionistic effect of the placement 
of each color, Miller reviewed 
almost each of the quarter 
million tiles. With the use of a 
keyboard to paint on the com- 
puter's screen. Miller and the 
team of engineers made sure the 
final product conformed to the 

The design complete, the 
actual tiles had to be ordered for 
installation. Only one manufac- 
turer could provide the wide 
variety of colors the mural 
demanded, and that firm was 
located in West Germany, 
Following the arrival of the tiles, 
city workers began the arduous 
task of putting each 4-inch by 8- 
inch tile into place, a process 
that took about four months, 

"Looking back, there are a few 
parts of the design I'd change," 
Miller said. "But that's the prob- 



Ed Kanis (B.S. mass communica- 
tions) is coiporate coordinator, 
community relations for the West 
Jersey Heoltti System, He is responsi- 
ble for ttie development and 
implementation of marl<eting and 
promotion strategies and medio 
relations for ttie 783-bed, four-tiospital 
system. He is also pursuing tiis M,B,A, 
from Rutgers University, 

Ofho C. Ragland, Jr. (B,S, business 
administration and management) 
tias been named assistant vice- 
president of Sovran Eduity Mortgage 

Doreen E. Smith (IvIS, medical 
tectinology) is a tectinical specialist 
witti Stiiley, Inc- of Costa Mesa, 


Toni Cutson McBride (M,D ; B S 
ctiemistry, 1976) tias been appointed 
to ttie faculty of ttie Bowman Gray 
Sctiool of Medicine of Wake Forest 
University, Stie will serve as instructor 

of family medicine, witti the responsi- 
bilities of teaching, patient care, and 
research. Her primary research 
interest is geriatric medicine, 

Irene J. Perry (B.F.A. painting and 
printmaking) exhibited her works, 
"Portrait of a Quilt" and "Image III," at 
the Richmond Public Library, 


Marsha Johnson Bennett (B S 

marketing] is on agent for Bowers, 
Nelms, and Fonville, Realtors, Airport 
Area Branch, 

Richard P. Jeffrey III (M. Ed 
administration and supervision] is a 
teacher for Henrico County Public 

Karen Godmere Kanis (B.S mass 
communications] is manager of 
editorial services for Jannetti. Inc.. a 
health care marketing and publishing 
firm located outside Philadelphia. 

Celia K. Luxmoore (MS mass 
communications; B.S. mass communi- 
cations. 1980) hos been appointed 

director of publications and public 
relations for the Presbyterian School of 
Christian Education in Richmond. She 
was formerly director of communica- 
tions with AAA of Virginia 

Olinda F. Young (M PA , B,S 
recreation. 1975] has started her own 
business. Young Enterprises, and will 
produce a calendar of the Phoenix 
firefighters to be marketed 


Myra E. Clements (B S, pharmacy) 
is a pharmacist for the McGuire VA 
Medical Center 

Joseph M. Kiernan III (M,D ] and 
Sharon Ann Coyle Kiernan (M D ] 
are senior residents at the Children's 
Hospital of Pittsburgh, Joseph will be 
applying for cardiology fellowships in 
July 1986, 

Laura S. O'Grady (MBA,, B,S, 
marketing, 1977) has been named 
assistant vice-president, product 
development manager, for the Bank 
of Virginia, 

Sandra S. Walton (B S business 
administration and management] is 
personnel director for Reynolds 
Metals Company 

Richard H. Wineland (M.D.) is 
completing his residency in family 
practice in Lynchburg ond is apply- 
ing to several emergency medicine 
residency programs for on additional 
two years of training, 


Denneth M. Cardlin (M D ] 

represented VCU at the inauguration 
of Arthur L, Peterson as president of 
Lebanon Valley College. Annville, 

Scott A. M\\\ei (B S business 
administration and management] 
has been made a front-end manager 
at Ukrops Supermarket 

Gray F. Morris (M.PA . B.A. history. 
1968] is a field public service special- 
ist with the Federal Communications 
Commission, seiving as liaison with 
the public, local consumer industries, 
the media, and governmental 

lem with working in scale. I never 
knew exactly what the finished 
mural would look like." 

Since the mural was installed 
well before the actual opening 
of the station, local citizens are 
just now getting to see Miller's 
work. According to the illustrator, 
most of the comments have 
been favorable, "I think people 
generally like having a piece of 
Philadelphia captured for them 
to enjoy." 

Miller calls the experience of 
designing the mural a "once-in- 
a-lifetime" opportunity— one ttTot 
he might not have had if he'd 
stuck with his original choice of 
architecture as a profession. 

A native of Roanoke, Miller 
enrolled in the University of 
Virginia in 1970 with plans to 
study architecture. Shortly after 
his arrival, several instajctors 
noticed his talent for drawing 
and suggested he considei" 
transferring to a university that 
offered a commercial art 

"Drawing was a hobby in high 
school, but I'd never really 
considered art," Miller confessed, 
"I didn't think 1 could make a 
living at it." 

The advice from UVA profes- 
sors changed his mind, and he 
entered the communication arts 
and design department at VCU 
in 1972 — a decision he's not 

"VCU gave me the education 
and the basic skills I needed to 
develop in the field," Miller said. 

Miller had hoped to move to 
New Yort< following graduation 

but found the city's cost of living 
prohibitive. As an alternative. 
Chuck Scalin, professor of 
communication arts and design, 
suggested he try the Philadel- 
phia area. So Miller spent a 
weekend there with several of 
Scalin's friends and developed 
an instant attraction to the city. 
StTortly thereafter, he settled In 
Philadelphia, a move that's 
proved to be fruitful. Miller now 
reguiariy does illustrations for 
many of the city's most presti- 
gious companies, including 
SmithKline Beckman, Wyeth, and 
Merck Sharp & Dome, as well 
as several large advertising 

Periiaps more Importantly, 
Miller has seen himself advance 
as an illustrator, "I feel I'm contin- 
uing to mature as an artist, I see 
improvement in my work, and 
that's very satisfying." 

As for the future. Miller said he 
does not foresee being involved 
in a project the scope of the 
mural. "But," he added, "If 
someone wants a design for the 
Beriin Wall, I'm available." S 

Ed Kanis is corporate armmunicy 
relatiims coordinator fur the West Jersey 
Health System in Camden, New Jersey, 
and fcnmer editirr of VCU Magazine. 

Phocograp/i courtesy uf Vertin Miller. 

Become an active alumnus 

You may think you have to have a 
lot of time or money or to live in 
the Richmond area to become 
an active alumnus — but you 

The VCU Alumni Activities Of- 
fice is looking for alumni support 

through a host of new programs. If 
you would be interested in one or 
more of the following programs, 
please complete this form and re- 
turn it to us. We will send you the 
information you request. 

I want to be an active VCU alumnus! Please send me 
information about 

□ how I can become involved with the board of directors of 
my college or school 

□ representing VCU in my hometown 

□ the VCU group travel program 

n helping students find internships and externships 

n Please update my alumni record 


Address . 

, State . 

Home phone I L 



.Work phone 1 

, Zip Code . 

_Title . 

-Year of graduation . 

Return to 

VCU Alumni Activities 
828 West Franklin Street 
Richmond, VA 23284-0001 



Class Rings 

If you did not buy a class ring as 
a student, you can now order 
one. Rings for men and women 
are available in a variety of 
sizes. For more information and 
a price list, write for a ring order 
kit. If you graduated before 
1968, please indicate Medical 
College of Virginia, if applica- 
ble, when ordering a kit. Write 
for the kit — and for information 
about VCU watches — to 
VCU Alumni Activities Office 
828 West Franlclin Street 
Rictimond, VA 23284-0001 

Decorative glassware, quality 
finish, beautiful style. Each 
embossed with the VCU seal: 
2 oz. Whiskey #48/$1. 99 

9 oz. Old Fashion #818/$2.75 

10 oz. Tumbler #812/$2.50 
IV2 oz. Shot glass #2211/$1.79 
6 in. Ashtray #800/$4.99 

15 oz. Tankard #205/$5.49 

Automatic self-opening um- 
brella, 50-inch spread, 100% 
nylon, black and gold, em- 
bossed with the VCU seal, 

Stuffed animals. White ram 
ornamented with a black and 
gold VCU ribbon and black felt 
cope, 8" high, #8/$8.99 

VCU Campus Bookstore 
900 Park Avenue 
Rictimond, VA 23284-0001 

Item # Quantity Description 

Collegiate mug, handsomely 
trimmed in gold. 4" high, 3','4" 
dia„15oz, #M155/$8.99 

Deluxe feature college mug. 
Multicolor seal on a white 
background. Classic lines, 5'/2" 
high, 3' 2" dia,, 20 oz, #M204/ 

Barclay Sheaks (VCU alumnus 

■49] prints, unframed: 
Ginter House #AA4A 
Egyptian Building #AA4B 

Each measures 14''/2" « 12", $25 

Notched cylinder ashtray, 7" 
dia, #AT-20/$9.99 

Queen Anne bread and butter 
plate. An elegant rendering of 
Ginter House in Welton Arne- 
tale" 7" dia, #10Z-0442/$14.99 

Tavern mug. Heavy custom 
crested pewter-look tankard, 
43,'4" high, 17 oz, #166-0812/ 

VCU Mirrors [only four left]: 
Two of the Egyptian Building 
on the MCV Campus 
One of Ginter House on the 

Academic Campus #AA3B 
One of the James Branch 
Cabell Library #AA3C 
These framed mirrors measure 
14" / 26" with the pictures in the 
upper portion of the mirror 
measuring 11'/2" ^ 6V2". $140 



Classic felt pennant. 8" 


Polyester and mesh baseball 
cop with adjustable snap tab 
back, 2" VCU flocked lettering 
on front. #308/$4.99 

Coffee mug. All time favorite 
with coffee drinkers. Generous 
10 oz. size. 3^/4" high 3'/4" dia. 

VCU mens' neckties Attractive 
navy background with small 
gold VCU seals. #AA1/$15 

Basic sweat. Comfort makes this 
50% cotton, 50% polyester 
sweatshirt a year-round favorite. 
Classic raglan sleeves. Adult 
sizes S, M, L, XL; fuschia, navy, 
banana, lavender, black, 
#3051F/$9.99 Children's sizes 
6-8, 10-12, 14-16; navy, #3051F/ 

Tackle twill hooded sweatshirt. 
Letters are cut from colorful 
tackle twill and sewn on heavy- 
weight fleece of 50% cotton, 
50% Careslan'S'. Adult sizes S, 
M, L, XL; black, #M550/$21.99 
Matching sweatpant, #P550/ 

Rich looking embroidered 
placket shirt, rib knit cuff, and 
soft fashion collar. Adult sizes S, 
M, L, XL; black and lemon, 

Pullover hooded sweatshirt with 
trim color accented hood lining, 
sleeve stripes, and raglan 
piping. Muff styled front pocket. 
50% cotton, 50% polyester. 
Adult sizes S, M, L, XL; purple, 

Heavyweight fleece hooded 
sweatshirt, raglan shoulders, rib 
knit cuffs and waistband. Muff 
pocket with reinforced stitching. 
Adult sizes S, M, L, XL; gold and 
black on white, or red and navy 
on white, #798A/$18.99 

Black enamel arm chairs, with 
VCU seal on the back of the 
chair and cherry colored arms. 


Send orders with desired form of payment. Returns requesting a 
change of size or item due to customer error will require an 
additionql S2 hqndling chqrge, 

Mqke checks pqyabie to VCU Cqmpus Bookstore, or use credit cqrd 
Please charge to my ^ VISA or _ MasterCard 

Credit Card Number Exp, Date: Mo/Yr 

It MasterCard, enter the four digits above your name here 

Virginia Sales Tax 4% 

Stiipping, handling, 
and insurance 



Total $_ 




Stowe, Vermont 

Ski Excursion 

March 15-18, 1985 

Join us on an exciting sl<i trip to 
Stowe, Vermont, wliich tias 
America's largest network of 
snow-covered trails. Your 
package includes three niglnts 
accommodations at ttie quaint 
Salzburg Inn. Round-trip airfare 
from thie Norfolk airport to 
Stowe, along with transportation 
to and from Norfolk and to and 
from the Stowe airport to the Inn, 
is included in the cost. You will 
also enjoy three breakfasts and 
two dinners at the Salzburg Inn. 


April 24-29, 1985 

Located in the heart of the 
Cable Beach resort area, the 
Nassau Beach Hotel, which has 
recently been renovated, is the 
largest resort in Nassau. All units 
have ocean views and a 

private .balcony or terrace. The 
package includes five nights 
accommodations along with 
breakfast and dinner daily. 
Round-trip airfare from Rich- 
mond to Nassau and transfers to 
and from the airport are also 

Danube River Cruise 

June 8-20, 1985 

Sail the celebrated Danube 
River from Vienna to Bratislava, 
Budapest, Belgrade, Nikopol/ 
Pleven, and Giurgiu/Bucharest, 
and cruise across the Black Sea 
to Turkey Soil down the scenic 
Bospzorus between Europe and 
Asia to fabulous Istanbul. All 
meals included on both ships. 

White Water Rafting 

West Virginia 

June 9-11, 1985 

Travel by Motorcoach to West 
Virginia to experience a day of 
rafting down the New River 
called the "Grand Canyon of 
the East," A professional guide 
will coach you through the 
maneuverings of the rapids 
whether you are a beginner or a 
pro. You will also be provided 
with a life jacket. Along the way 

you will enjoy a deli-spread 
lunch. Accommodations for two 
nights at the Comfort Inn and 
two breakfasts are included in 
this package. 

Europe by Eurail 

June 22-July 6, 14 or 21, 1985 
$1,649; $1,999; or $2,299 

This fabulous tour of Egrope by 
train can last either two, three, 
or four weeks. All three trips 
begin with three evenings in 
Paris, France. From Paris it's off to 
Germany and Rudesheim, Koln, 
and Heidelberg will highlight 
your cruise down the Rhine and 
Neckar Rivers. Bavaria boasts 
another city visited by millions of 
tourists, Munich. Nearby are the 
towns of Oberammergau and 
Garmisch, with the highest 

mountains in Germany. The 
western section of Germany 
features the black forest region 
of Baden-Baden. 

Should you choose the two- 
week tour, you will go on to see 
Luzern, Switzerland, and at the 
famous jetset ski resort of St. 
IVloritz, you can take the Glacier 
Express to the hamlet of Zermatt. 
From here you're off to France to 
wind up your vacation with two 
nights in Nice. 

The three-week tour pack- 
age picks up its agenda when 
you leave Germany. Your next 
two nights will be in Vienna, 
Austria. Your trip will also include 
five nights in Italy and two 
evenings in Geneva, Switzer- 
land, and will conclude with 
another evening in Paris. 

The four-week deluxe 
package will include all of the 
cities in the three-week pack- 
age; however, you will also 
spend five evenings in Spain. 
With your Eurail train ticket, you'll 
have the freedom to break 
away from the tour group at any 
time and visit sites of particular 
interest to you. All trips will 
include of least one night on the 
comfortable Eurail sleeper. 

America's Last Frontier 

Alaskan Air/Sea Cruise 

July 16-26, 1985 

This ten-day holiday will begin 
with a flight to Vancouver to 
board the floating resort hotel, 
the luxury S. S. Rotterdam. You'll 
glide through the Inside Passage, 
up the coast of British Columbia 
and the Alaskan Panhandle, to 
the Land of the Midnight Sun. 

VCU Alumni Travel 1985 

Please send me more information on the trip(s) checked below: 
n Stowe, Vermont G White Water Rafting 

□ Nassau □ Europe by Eurail 

n Danube River Cruise D Alaska 


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Permit No. 869 

Rict^mond, Virginia 

Philadelphia gets a custom-designed commuter 

train station, thanks to Verlin Miller (B. F. A. 

J 975). See page 30.